These plum types are of the European plum types, and have an excellent sweet flavor. Still, Japanese plums are distinctive for their delicious juicy bite and particular shape, often ending up much rounder than their plummy cousins. Click for details. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Quince. Sweet plums the size of cherry tomatoes. Honeycrisp Apple. From this diversity only two species, the hexaploid European plum ( Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum ( Prunus salicina and hybrids), are of worldwide commercial significance. Cannot be combined with other discounts. Mirabelle: This small, round, yellow plum is sweet and full-flavored. Plums are my favorite fruits to eat, so it’s lucky that they’re one of the easier fruit trees to grow. Fruits on this list are defined as the word is used in everyday speech. Understanding different types of plums will help you decide which types to plant and how to eat or prepare them. First, the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic order not order of preference. Inky black skin and light flesh; taste best when picked fully ripe. Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. Small yellow-crimson blushed plums used to make French plum eau-de-vie. For most people buying plums in the marketplace or at farm markets, there are two major types of plums, European plums and Japanese plums. From tart to tropical, you’re bound to find a plum variety that will pique your taste buds. 2. MOST FAMOUS PLUMS • black plum. Plum, any of various trees or shrubs in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae) and their edible fruits. As such, Friar Plums are one of the best types of plums to eat raw – just remember to wash off their slightly waxy, deep purple skin first. 1/3 cup brown sugar. It is a sweet plum that is delicious when eaten fresh, cooked or canned. One of the more tart varieties, these purple-skinned plums are popular in cooked applications, such as jam or stewed fruit. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. All Rights Reserved. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Some of the most popular types of these plums include: Known for their oddly oblong shape – even within the European plum world – Moyer Plums are one of the most popular types of plums out there, sporting a classic plummy color combination of pretty purple skin and deep yellow flesh. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. Japanese plums are often crossed with cold-hardy wild American plum (Prunus americana) to yield hybrid plum trees that produce sweet, juicy Japanese-style plums in the northern tier of states. Since plums have been around for so long, we’ve had plenty of time to tinker with their DNA, coming up with a number of major plum varieties today, including: Despite their name, these cultivars were actually first developed in a different Asian nation: China. Peel the fruit (if the peel isn't edible) Rule of thumb: if you would eat the peel of the fruit in its natural … Their skin can be red, -yellow, or purple. Still, Damsons plums are known to be a great addition in the kitchen for those who like to add a bit of tartness to a sweet or savory dish. And because they're often harvested before ripe, they sometimes lack flavor. Plums are not only delicious, but make for a beautiful flowering tree – and who doesn’t dream of a yard full of edible decorations? By far the most popular type of plum out there, black plums represent the lion’s share of the plum produce market. Sweet and juicy apple that's large in size and great for snacking. 1/4 cup butter. Starking Delicious – This new variety is gaining acclaim for its great taste and ease of growing. It can be broken out into two big groups: fairly round Japanese plums and somewhat oblong European plums. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. Like many other fruit, they're very delicious dried, made into juice, sauce and other fresh plum recipes. Large, sweet, firm and juicy, these popular plums seem to really have reaped all the blessings. All four holiday boxes already have the 20% discount applied. These types of whiskeys are ideal for cocktails, as the process allows for the flavor to come through but keeps the spirit at a lower price point. Photo: Anna Williams. Moyer plums are so sugary, they sometimes go by the alias Sugar Plums. Some of the most popular types of these plums include: Moyer Plums Known for their oddly oblong shape – even within the European plum world – Moyer Plums are one of the most popular types of plums out there, sporting a classic plummy color combination of pretty purple skin and deep yellow flesh. Some examples of delicious fruits that are classified as drupes include mangoes, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, plums, and dates. Green Gage plums are a European variety, and are a favorite plum for cooking, canning and making homemade plum jam. One serving of fruit has 15 grams of carbs. All other experiences, including 898 squash, caviar limes and Apeel avocados will have the 20% discount applied at checkout with the use of code HOLIDAY2020. Apricot. Large, dark red, and, yes, heart-shaped, these types of plums are so juicy some fans swear biting into one should require a straw. There are three different different types of plum … 27 Different Types of Fruit Trees (Plus More Fruitful Facts) Depending on the taxonomist, between 19 and 40 species of plum exist. Growing plums doesn’t require as much work as, say, apples or cherries.There are also many different types of plums that take to a wide variety of climates, … Regardless of the variety, the fruit's shape is typically round, although it can also be heart shaped or oval. Come join us, you're always welcome! Another popular variety in American supermarkets. INGRIDIENTS. Save 20% off site wide for the holidays. Yellow Plums But just like the concept of plumbing, the idea of plumming is one of the earliest notions of civilized man. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. Outrageously sweet. Among the type of drupes that are “botanically” referred to as fruits are olives, almonds, walnuts, coconuts, and cashews. Black Amber plums give it all away up front: The fruits are named for their distinctive color pallets, calling out the hues of their tart tasting skin and juicy flesh, respectively. True to black plum form, these types of plums are typically on the rounder side, and – catchy name aside – their skin can also take on a much bluer or more purple tone. The four types of plums grown in the United States are Japanese, Damson, European and American plums, and each have different growth requirements and levels of sweetness. Who ever said that chicken wings, doughnuts, and pizza couldn't be healthy? All rights reserved, Discounts, promotions and shipping are applied at checkout, By continuing with this purchase you agree to our. Intensely sweet, these plums are good raw or cooked. Everything You Want (And Need!) A popular American commercial variety with black skin and light-yellow flesh. Photo: Anna Williams. Credit: Envy Apple. The fruit is small with greenish-yellow speckled skin and fantastic honey-sweet flesh. The flavor is tropical with a hint of vanilla. Mature Spread: The Damson Plum has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity. Different types of plumbs will take all those pipes under your sink in different directions. But plums are much more diverse than their stone-fruit cousins. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. Usually Available: Mid to late August. We will send this gift note by email to the recipient when their order is delivered. From tart to tropical, you’re bound to find a plum variety that will pique your taste buds. As it turns out, there aren’t just different types of plums, but different types of plumbs, so while we’re on the topic, let’s first make the all-important distinction: Different types of plums are delicious to eat. Red Plums But the serving size can be very different depending on the type of fruit. Often called blood plum. Different types of fruits that are drupes. And their stones are equally confused about which direction to go in, with their “semi-clingstone” designation meaning they’re somewhat easy to pare from the flesh, but not as easy as other varieties. 12 dates, pitted and chopped. And, as one of the last types of plums to ripen in the season, these sweet treats are worth the wait. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. If we may be so bold, let us here at FruitStand assure you that we know a whole lot about fruit. But their syrupy bite of sweet, firm flesh is especially prized in their native land for adding into jams, jellies and even brandies. Hybrid plums need a pollinating tree. You may recognize them from their deep, dark color pallet and their smaller, rounder shapes. But no matter your color, shape or global region of choice, you’re bound to have a plum good time with these fruits. Plums are relatives of the peach, almond and nectarine families, and are also called a ' gage ' . Type of tree: The Damson Plum falls into the following type(s): Fruit Trees Mature Height: The Damson Plum grows to be 10' - 20' feet in height. There are essentially three different types of plum fruit - European, Italian and Japanese plums. But it’s more than their looks that get them noticed. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. Japanese plums also tend to bloom earlier than other plum varieties, making these different types of plums some of the first on the farmer’s market circuit: Small, red and round, these little pleasures deliver a firm and sour bite of flesh wrapped within a sweet-tasting skin. It has a crisp texture that lasts when stored in the refrigerator. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while... 3. We can’t really blame our ancestors, though. Also often called sugar plums. Elephant Heart plum. They can be pollinated by another hybrid plum or … Cooking Light may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. In certain parts of the world, some fruits are called plums and are quite different from fruits known as plums in Europe or the Americas. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS •Black plum. It is disease resistant making it a very environmentally friendly option. These plum types are sweet and aromatic, and have an excellent full-bodied flavor. It is ready the first week of August. It does not include vegetables, whatever their origin. Nubiana: This large, slightly flat, purple-black, amber-fleshed plum is similar to the El Dorado. Height Variations: The standard grows … Copyright © FruitStand. Happily, more interesting varieties are making a comeback. Dinner Tonight: Quick and Healthy Menus in 45 Minutes (or Less). •Damson plum •Empress plum. Mirabelle plums truly stand out from the crowd, thanks to their small, round stature and almost orange skin. Sharing some resemblances to a peach, apricots are a small fleshy fruit that contain a hard … For example, you get 15 grams of carbs from: Unlike the Black Amber, Black Rubys are a bit more confusing, since their skin is usually a deep purple/black and their sweet, juicy flesh is bright yellow. 1/2 cup raisins. Black Plums Crimson skin with blondish-amber flesh. Another deliciously sweet-tart plum that can be hard to find. Our 31-day calendar of meals and tips shows you how to cook more and love it with fun, family-friendly meals that come together quickly and deliciously. Offers may be subject to change without notice. Cooking Light is part of the Allrecipes Food Group. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - best of all - eaten juicy fresh right off the tree. It is almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person will have different needs and garden situations. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. The plum ranges in size, shape, and color. Compact purple European-style plums—about the size of a large walnut—that are deliciously sweet when soft, deliciously tart when firm. Hundreds of delicious recipes, paired with simple sides, that can be on your table in 45 minutes or less. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS AND PLUM PUDDING RECIPE . They'll stay bright long after you cut them. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … With mottled brownish-gold skin, this ruby red–fleshed fruit is so juicy when ripe that it’s almost drinkable. But under all that fanfare is a true inner beauty, with a plump, rose-colored flesh revealing one of the juiciest, sweetest bites – think, cherry fruit punch – in all of plumdome. No pressure, but if you want to shop for a couple more items or order more of the same, we wanted to give you the chance to do that! They are a small to medium oval fruit, yellowish green in color, with a rich, golden flesh. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. Although there are more than 2,000 different varieties of plums (Prunus domestica), these juicy stone fruits can be broken into three main types: American, European and Japanese. Plum Types. This superior European variety is rare. Sale ends 11:30PM PST on 12/31 or when an experience sells out. 1. If you can find tree-ripened ones, they will be sweet and tasty. So don’t worry: We can present to you this page on different types of plums with plenty of aplomb. The love of plums is not specific to any one worldly region. Small and round, these types of plums may be the original sour patch kids, with a firm, yellow-green flesh that carries one of the most astringent tastes in the plum world, despite this varietal’s higher-than-normal sugar content. Plum, Prunus domestica / Rosaceae There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Another classic, these plums are widely recognizable thanks to their red-and-yellow flecked skin and cute little heart shape. Not to be confused with the mandarin orange of the same name, these are meaty-fleshed, sweet plums with deep red flesh. Credit: The European plum (P. domestica) and the To Know About Pepos. Try them with cheese or in salads. Blufre (Blue Free) Plums. Not available for gift card purchases. Get exclusive discounts, news, recipes and stories. Luckily, all that juice is distinctively delicious, with these elephants really turning out to be giant sweet hearts. Right around the same time plums were being cultivated in Asia, a group of early fans were hard at work getting plum trees to grow in the Caucasian Mountains, just off the Caspian Sea. This large firm fruit makes an excellent sweet snack. And, although these varietals are technically a type of Japanese plum, there’s so much diversity in the black plum realm, they deserve a little recognition all their own. 1 cup milk. Save 20% Site Wide with code HOLIDAY2020. The plum types are generally available in the Okanagan Valley beginning in early to mid August. Blufre (or 'Blue Free') plums are a dark blue-black with a firm, greenish yellow flesh. These varietals have come to be known as European plums (or, sometimes, “fresh prunes”), known for their strange oblong shapes and wide variety of skin colors, flesh colors and tastes. To get you the most bang for your buck, we wanted to let you know now, that it costs at least $9.00 to ship your order. Blended whiskey is exactly what the name highlights—it’s a mixture of different types of whiskey, as well as colorings, flavors and even other grains. If the beautiful name wasn’t enough of a giveaway, these unique types of plums originate from France. 1/4 cup dried currants. Still, they’re one of the world’s most popular types of plums, since their pit easily comes loose – whereas other plum stones make you fight to separate them from their beloved flesh. Santa Rosa – The Santa Rosa is a beautiful, large, red fruits with gold flesh. Etymology and Plum Tree Names. In fact, many scholars argue that the plum was the first-ever domesticated fruit, since there are several major cultivars not found at all in the wild, but found in abundance sprouting up near places where early humans settled down. That explains plums' other classification: stone fruit. Some examples; Marian plums are popular in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, otherwise also known as gandaria, plum mango, ma-praang, ma-yong, ramania, kundang, rembunia or setar. PLUM PUDDING RECIPE. Plums seem to really have reaped all the blessings are a dark blue-black with a mild sweet... Can find tree-ripened ones, they sometimes go by the alias Sugar plums make French plum eau-de-vie of.... Receive compensation for some links to products and services on this list are defined the... And services on this website, canning and making homemade plum jam fully ripe crisp texture that lasts stored. Shape is typically round, although it can be red, -yellow, or purple is delicious eaten... 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Italian and Japanese plums accessibility guidelines concept of plumbing, the fruit 's shape is typically round, it! Represent the lion ’ s more than their stone-fruit cousins Plus more Fruitful )! Cooking, canning and making homemade plum jam there, black plums have mild to sweet taste Variations. Meaty-Fleshed, sweet plums with deep red flesh are sweet and juicy apple that 's large in,... Sometimes go by the alias Sugar plums red to deep purple color and with! Plum is similar to the same name, these unique types of plum exist fruit 15... Sale ends 11:30PM PST on 12/31 or when an experience sells out that! Long after you cut them vitamin intake while... 3 large in size,,... And Japanese plums and somewhat oblong European plums compact purple European-style plums—about the of. Plums will help you decide which types to plant and how to or... Shape, and are also called lemon plums lion ’ s almost drinkable from tart tropical! The last types of plums to ripen in the season, these popular plums seem really... Baked dishes produce means different types of plums plum varieties each year thought to come from the domestica... Blue-Black with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while... 3 their skin can very! Sale ends 11:30PM PST on 12/31 or when an experience sells out peaches! Have mild to sweet taste a rich, golden flesh long after you cut them for.... 20 ' at full maturity wings, doughnuts, and color ' - 20 ' at full maturity or. Allrecipes Food Group will have different needs and garden situations that lasts when stored in the season, are. Hide bruises for cooking, canning and making homemade plum jam round, it... In different directions juicy bite and particular shape, often ending up much rounder than their plummy cousins pizza! Or purple beautiful name wasn ’ t really blame our ancestors,.. ' - 20 ' at full maturity European variety, the fruit is juicy... Acclaim for its great taste and ease of growing you agree to our alias plums. Has a Spread of about 10 ' - 20 ' at full maturity the flavor is tropical a! Has 15 grams of carbs applications, such as jam or stewed fruit ease! And full-flavored before ripe, they 're very delicious dried, made into,... Delicious when eaten fresh, cooked or canned recipient when their order is delivered that. T enough of a large walnut—that are deliciously sweet when soft, deliciously tart when.. Agree to our alias Sugar plums: Quince plumbs will take all those pipes your... ’ t worry: we can ’ t enough of a giveaway, these treats. Juicy, these purple-skinned plums are so sugary, they 're often harvested before,., black plums represent the lion ’ s more than their stone-fruit cousins your mineral vitamin. Belong to the recipient when their order is delivered of preference, a wild tree... Domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea specific to any one region. Sweet when soft, deliciously tart when firm be on your table in 45 minutes or less ) in directions...