One of the largest benefits of differentiated instruction for students is that it incorporates many different teaching styles. This is particularly helpful for college and university students because the quality of required assignments is more important in determining student understanding and retention than the number of required assignments. Student involvement and engagement also increases as they get to work in their comfort zone. Usually, this is their one and only chance to show they have mastered the lesson. It involves changing the way you teach students based on their individual needs. McCarty and Deslauriers decided to evaluate the benefits of differentiated instruction for students by dividing their classes into active and passive learning subgroups. Delivering differentiated and personalised homework … The teacher should respond to individual differences among students in prior knowledge, learning styles, and levels of interest and engagement. How Differentiated Instruction Works Online A fourth aspect of differentiation is related to the learning environment itself—creating conditions for optimal learning in the classroom. Called TERP classrooms—TERP stands for Teach, Engage, Respond, and Participate—these refurbished learning spaces make use of round tables, multiple screens, mobile student desks with tablet arms and integrated storage compartments, and multiple writing spaces on the walls. Is a Gifted Program Right For Your Child? 3. Before we delve into the benefits of using differentiated instruction in class, let’s define what it is. In one three-year study, Canadian scholars researched the application and effects of differentiated instruction in K–12 classrooms in Alberta. Challenges of Differentiated Instruction. These learners may not have strong academic or self-regulatory skills—or may simply be too busy or career-focused—to thrive in a traditional lecture-oriented classroom. Christian Brothers University (CBU), for example, helps students learn by making them teach. When educators don’t proactively implement instructional strategies that align with their students’ learning styles, those students tend to lose focus on instructional materials. Differentiated learning is often provided by grouping learners who have the same level of understanding and abilities. But how does this work in a digital classroom? Caduceus International Publishing provides top-quality interactive health science curriculum to colleges, universities and institutions wherever they are needed. This benefits that student as well as those students who learn from a peer. By having the chance to work together towards a … The videos can also be used for the student to review his or her own progress. Differentiated instruction can significantly help in revolutionizing the educational and teaching practices. Early research has shown that differentiation benefits students of all abilities but may have the greatest impact on children with learning disabilities. Process is how they learn. Another study of elementary and middle school students who used differentiated learning strategies showed that they improved reading skills through flexible grouping, student choice of learning tasks, self-selected reading times, and access to wide variety of texts. Keywords: Differentiated instruction, Teacher education, Tertiary institution 1. Consequently, when tested, learners in single-strategy educational environments often show poor retention of the subject matter covered. However, […] the status quo persists […]. Technology-assisted, self-paced learning should be available all year long to all students in as many subject areas as possible. Moreover, differentiated instruction combines individual, group, and full class education techniques. Colleges will need to bring the techniques and benefits of differentiated instruction to guide the students of the future. While the benefits of differentiated instruction make it worth educators’ efforts, the method does present some challenges. Differentiated Instruction, From Teachers’ Experiences by RANAE STETSON, ELTON STETSON AND KAREN A. ANDERSON Hundreds of book titles and articles extol the virtues of differentiated instruction, a practice that asks teachers to vary their teaching among individuals and small groups to create better learning experiences. This learning option can be used for students to pursue their passionate interests and develop projects of personal interest. For instance, college classes may enroll hundreds of students, college professors might not focus on their teaching, and many university instructors have not been trained to implement differentiated instruction. It is their final draft. The core of differentiated instruction is flexibility in content, process, And product based on student strengths, needs, and learning styles (Levy, 2008.) According to Steven Mintz, Executive Director of the University of Texas System’s Institute for Transformational Learning, differentiated education rests on five pillars: Today’s K-12 education preparation programs typically include coursework in differentiated instruction. But where does this leave the college instructor, who is a specialist in their field, yet is not an expert in pedagogical theories? Moreover, in the future, students are expected to attend community or technical colleges as the wage premium for four-year college degrees declines. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Quality Digital Learning Needs Traditional…, Athletic Trainers are Healthcare Professionals. Lang says to begin with the question, “What do I want my students to have retained from this course 20 years from now?” From there, faculty members can design courses with differentiated instructional strategies that guide each student toward that ultimate outcome. But it doesn’t require an individual approach for each student. Nevertheless, as higher education evolves and by necessity adapts to a more technological and diverse world, instructors will discover that differentiated instruction is not only optimal, but also necessary for student learning and information retention. When differentiated instruction was delivered in small groups or with targeted instruction, students with mild or severe learning disabilities enjoyed more benefits than the general student population. Differentiation means personalizing content, process, and product so students can learn the material that's appropriate for their academic readiness level, in a way that works best for them. As early as one-room schoolhouse days, American educators were finding creative ways to shepherd diverse assortments of students through the curriculum. DI is NOT one size fits all. But colleges and universities are increasingly realizing the benefits of differentiated instruction in the classroom. Pros and cons of differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction is a student-centered approach to teaching and learning. In his now-classic memoir of rural Appalachian education, The Thread that Runs So True, 20th-century educator Jesse Stuart recalled his realization that the real work of young children is play. Understanding the pros and cons may be helpful to teachers, parents, and administrators in deciding whether this is a teaching style which would benefit their place of learning. But when tested, the active learners retained far more information than their passive learner peers. The question has been asked, “Why not in science and mathematics?” All students would have a chance to learn at their own pace, and in the end, all students benefit. They can also be taught to create video tutorials showing what they have learned. https://www.edutopia.org/blog/differentiated-instruction-student-success Content is what the students learn. As Americans have smaller families and the traditional college demographic is shrinks, some schools will face up to 15% reductions in student population—as early as the late 2020s. Here are a few factors to keep in mind: Pros. According to Dr. Eisen, only students who thoroughly understand parasitology can explain the subject in clear, concrete, and simple terms. This educational approach has been the norm in K-12 classrooms for generations. Despite efforts to ensure a comprehensive and exhaustive review of the literature relating to differentiating instruction, this analysis cannot be complete. Association/Advocacy Organization Education Research/Analysis Pros and cons of differentiated instruction. Those feelings led students to believe they were learning less than if a superstar lecturer had simply handed them pre-digested information. They found that differentiated instruction consistently yielded positive results across a broad range of targeted groups. Your email address will not be published. 3. As illustrated in Figure 1.2, differentiated instruction helps teachers (1) to … With the help of modern technology, more universities are readily implementing differentiated instruction techniques. For some students, giving an online presentation in front of their classmates is a terrifying prospect. We are currently accepting applications. Stuart reorganized his beginner class, which included a 21-year-old student, around competitive academic games—while older students focused on classic “three Rs” activities. Besides being an engaging project, the children’s book is a more down-to-earth method of evaluating student mastery than the traditional exam. Schools that have started using this technique give us some early clues to the overall effectiveness of differentiated learning. The higher-level students can use computer technology to make presentations and use videos and interactive programs to engage other students. This results in a higher dropout rate, a lower pass rate, and consequently a reduced graduation rate. TERP classrooms demonstrate the advantages of differentiated instruction by enabling a collaborative and flexible learning environment for students of all learning styles and backgrounds. There are times in all classrooms when whole-class instruction is an effective and efficient choice. How is differentiated instruction meeting the needs of diverse learners at the college level? The benefits of differentiation in the classroom are also significant for postsecondary teachers. Students should be grouped by shared interest, topic, or ability, and groups should be kept flexible. Writing for the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexa Epitropoulos lists seven distinct advantages of differentiated instruction. Researchers suggest that teachers can differentiate instruction by adjusting content, process, or product in the classroom. Differentiated instruction is an activity-driven approach to education that guides students through a subject or course using a variety of projects, tasks, or problem-solving activities. Research shows differentiated instruction is effective for high-ability students as well as students with mild to severe disabilities. While the subject material itself remains consistent, the way you teach it to students may vary depending on their needs. But teachers are finding ways to do it with flexible, same-level grouping, multi-method media, continual feedback loops, and dedication to meeting students where they are and lifting them to ultimate success. The principle behind differentiated instruction is pretty basic: to teach each child in a classroom in a personalized way. DI is student-focused for diversity in heterogeneous settings. 936 Differentiated instruction: A research basis Given that the model of differentiated instruction is relatively new, attempts were made to draw as many references into the discussion. A demographic cliff is coming in higher education. Interested families should email or call us to schedule a tour. Here are a few benefits of differential Instruction:- It takes care of a large group of students with different abilities. Interested families should email or call us to schedule a tour. Research also suggests certain guiding principles to be used to support differentiated classroom practices. It provides teachers with a higher level of flexibility. Finally, differentiated instruction places more focus on qualitatively adjusting student assignments. Differentiated instruction is an educational strategy in which teachers adapt their instruction to meet the needs of their class. It may involve: Providing textbooks for visual and word learners. Students who are above grade level don’t get bored and disengaged with skills they’ve already mastered. As opposed to “one size fits all” classrooms, differentiated instruction classrooms recognize that there are individual differences in prior knowledge, interests, and abilities of learners in every learning situation. In contrast to the educational practices that exist in higher education, pedagogy in elementary and secondary schools is evolving to meet the needs of diverse learners. Parents, teachers, and other education stakeholders all point to many benefits of differentiated instruction, including customized instruction, increased motivation, and equitable access. Our Los Angeles location opened in September 2018. Differentiated Instruction Strategies for Digital Classrooms. Many learners are familiar with selfies, using their cellphones. By eliminating the group instruction format in most circumstances, children are able to learn in unique ways that best suit their needs. In an article for the International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Tanya Santangelo and Carol Ann Tomlinson explain: “By juxtaposing knowledge of increased student diversity with insights related to teaching and learning, one would logically assume postsecondary instructional practices have evolved from being uniform and didactic. Pros and cons of differentiated instruction. The world’s eyes have never been so fixed on health.…, As in other areas of life, the history of education…, Understanding medical terminology is an important competency for any student…, Athletic trainers face a serious task. One of the more obvious benefits of differentiating instruction is reaching every student at their own level and increasing their chances of success. Here are a few factors to keep in mind: Pros. While the concept of self-directed learning is a lofty goal, its implementation is difficult for teachers who have to consider all students in a heterogeneous classroom. Research suggests, Differentiated instruction is one of the things which is a bit controversial in many learning environments. Differentiated instruction is one of the things which is a bit controversial in many learning environments. Differentiated learning helps postsecondary students overcome the “forgetting curve” by reinforcing subject matter competency. Stuart divided his one-room school by age. Differentiated learning is learner-centric with the teacher often learning along with the students. This focus on individualization has certain advantages that appear in the classroom setting, but […] Phone and email inquiries are always received by a dedicated member of Caduceus support staff, not an automated directory. Here are a few factors to keep in mind: Pros. Pros and cons of differentiated instruction. Writing in the International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Windi D. Turner, Oscar J. Solis, and Doris H. Kincade state that most surveyed instructors believed differentiated instructors brought “significant” rewards. Do you want to read more similar stories? Pros and cons of differentiated instruction. As an instructor, you can help solve this problem by applying the principles of differentiated instruction to the higher education classroom. Why can’t the lesson go on with feedback to the learner based on this first submission? © 2020 Caduceus International Publishing. Teachers can address some aspects of IEP goals by adapting the curriculum to include visual aids, manipulatives, charts, audiotapes, and computer use as well as enriched curriculum for gifted students. CBU’s Dr. Stan Eisen, Professor of Biology and Director of Pre-Health Professional Programs, requires his students to write children’s books as the final exam in his parasitology course. When the content is differentiated, every student is working at their own level. This could include anything from the physical layout of the classroom to the overall atmosphere. But in the end, everyone will get it right, and that’s what’s important. Each student’s voice is encouraged. Note that differentiated instruction is not the same as dividing your classroom by ability. Type of instruction that maximizes student growth, recognizing that students have different ways of learning, different interests, and different ways of responding to instruction. Research shows differentiated instruction is effective for high-ability students as well as students with mild to severe disabilities. Having the ability to differentiate home-learning based on amount, skill area, purpose and difficulty means that students are getting work assigned to them which will assist in them being successful in their studies. The Benefits of Differentiation in Professional Development Strategies like flipping instruction and providing opportunities for repeated practice work as well for adults as they do for students. You can see that both sources agree that differentiated instruction allows for greater creativity and flexibility for the teacher and helps students with their individual learning. It can work well in general education classes that include students with learning and thinking differences. By LaKetra Robinson differentiated instruction in subsequent practicum sessions during their tenure at the university, and 88% indicated a desire to use a differentiated instructional approach in their classrooms upon graduation. It eliminates teaching routines that become cumbersome. Classrooms today are recognizing that students have individual learning styles – different cultural backgrounds, different languages, different preferences for learning methods, different cognitive strengths and developmental timelines, and different personal challenges. Teachers can address some aspects of IEP goals by adapting the curriculum to include visual aids, manipulatives, charts, audiotapes, and computer use as well as enriched curriculum for gifted students. Standards of performance are needed but this strategy recognizes that some students will get it right the first time while others may take more time and more revisions to get it right. This helps parents and teachers stay on the same page with each other so that learning is consistent in every environment. Benefits of differentiated learning Research pieces show that differentiated learning is effective for high-ability students and also for students with severe to mild disabilities Students seem to be more engaged in learning, and reportedly there are lesser discipline issues in classrooms where instructors offer differentiated lessons. Universities cannot continue to rely on the passive, one-size-fits-all instructional strategies of the past. Students given a differentiated curriculum to supplement textbooks and taught in groups demonstrated higher achievement in tests. How can they optimize each student’s growth and success by meeting the student where he or she is rather than expecting the student to modify their personal learning style to master a set curriculum? Differentiated instruction, on the other hand, uses several learning approaches. Does this work? Differentiated instruction can benefit all students, from those who are gifted to those with mild or even severe disabilities. Here are a few factors to keep in mind: Pros. Larger class sizes make it more difficult to zero in on individual student needs. We are currently accepting applications. McCarty and Deslauriers attributed the learning perception gap to feelings associated with the increased cognitive effort required to learn in an active environment. Under a differentiated instruction plan, every student receives a documented individualized education plan. At Assumption College, Dr. James Lang, Professor of English and Director for the Center of Teaching Excellence, is encouraging his faculty to use backward course design when creating new courses. The Benefits of Differentiation in Professional Development Strategies like flipping instruction and providing opportunities for repeated practice work as well for adults as they do for students. And how can university educators translate the advantages of differentiated instruction into postsecondary classrooms? Research shows differentiated instruction is effective for high-ability students as well as students with mild to severe disabilities. Content is relevant and interesting to each student and involves real-world problems. That’s why differentiation blends individual, small-group, large-group and whole-class instruction across content, processes and products. The benefits of differentiation in the classroom are often accompanied by the drawback of an ever-increasing workload. Differentiated instruction is not the same as individualized instruction. Understanding the pros and cons may be helpful to teachers, parents, and administrators in deciding whether this is a teaching style which would benefit their place of learning. Differentiated Instruction is used to accommodate and better prepare students of all learning types and ability levels to succeed in his/her own classroom. Differentiating instruction in the classroom has many benefits—some of which are obvious, and some less so! The Application of Differentiated Instruction in Postsecondary Environments: Benefits, Challenges, and Future Directions Tanya Santangelo Arcadia University Carol Ann Tomlinson University of Virginia The population of students pursuing higher education is increasingly diverse. If Harvard’s students and teachers are defaulting to passive learning, then students and teachers at your school likely are too. 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