India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. The failure of the revolt was not uncalled-for by the Historians as they termed it the First War of Independence of India. Fig. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Fig. The resources at the disposal of the British were far superior than the ones available to the Indians. Though the g… 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. A) Delhi ----------- … Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. ther were many causes for the uprising of 1857.in this context,state the following. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. This hurt all sections of society. Important Facts: The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The most important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India. What was the main cause of the revolt of 1857? 2. ii. Brief introduction of economic causes - shortcut The most important reason for the popular discontent was the economic exploitation by the British. 1. 4. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . It played a major role in the uprising of 1857. TalzimKhaldun- the Revolt of 1857 was a civil rebellion. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. May 17,2020 - political causes of the revolt of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 163 Class 8 Students. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. Following are three important causes of the revolt of 1857: Ill-treatment of Indian Soldiers - The East India Company discriminated against their Indian sepoys. CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857 (i) Political causes (ii) Social and economic causes (iii) Religious causes (iv) Military causes (v) Immediate causes * Political Causes : The causes of discontent among the Indian rulers were as follows: (i) The policy of conquest pursued by the British had created unrest among many rulers, and chiefs. c:social causes Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . Vellore Mutiny ­– The Vellore Mutiny took place even before the revolt of 1857(50 years before). Let us move on to what led to the fall of the revolt and why the early so well impulse outraged revolt did not reach its epitome. Lack of Societal Alternative The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all rulers of Indian states, sepoys, zamindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. a:policy of economic exploitation. The Causes Of The Rebellion. It erupted on 10th July 1806 in Vellore, present-day Tamil Nadu, and lasted only for a day, but it was brutal and it was the first major mutiny by the Indian sepoys in the East India Company. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. The Revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. b:racial discrimination. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. The economic decline of the peasantry was reflected in twelve major and numerous minor famines from 1770 to 1857; The new courts and legal system gave a further fillip to the dispossessors of land and encouraged the rich to oppress the poor. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . However, the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. He also points to prolonged continuation of resistance to the British well after the latter’s re-occupation in regions like Chakradharpur and Sambalpur bordering Bengal. 11.5. Some sections of society like the money lenders, merchants, modern educated Indians, and intellectuals were against the Revolt. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. 1. The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Revolt of 18557. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. They were forbidden from wearing any caste or sectarian marks, beads or turbans. The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided … The police looted, … The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. … Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… 2. He cites the support given by the villagers to the rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February, 1857. Some Muslims also supported British. What led to the failure of the Revolt. 3. Fig. They were poorly paid, ill-fed and badly housed. the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. 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