Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. Hence, t… Since the batta made the difference between active service being considered munificent or burdensome, the sepoys repeatedly resented and actively opposed inconsiderate unilateral changes in pay and batta ordered by the Military Audit department. The Indian soldiers were discriminated. Furthermore, legal changes introduced by the British were accompanied by prohibitions on Indian religious customs and were seen as steps towards forced conversion to Christianity. The company had developed a military organisation where, in theory, fealty of the sepoys to the company was considered the height of "izzat" or honour, where the European officer replaced the village headman with benevolent figures of authority, and where regiments were mostly recruited from sepoys belonging to the same caste, and community. In this video you will see the simplified version of 1857 revolt and the 4 main causes i.e. 3 mins read. The company had an unbroken series of victories in India, against the Marathas, Mysore, north Indian states, and the Gurkhas, later against the Sikhs, and further afield in China and Burma. Indian soldiers were given Enfield rifle, the … list any three military causes of the revolt of 1857. Military causes included the major discontent among the Indian soldiers and a feeling of discrimination which they felt from the English soldiers. [20], In 1857, the Bengal Army contained 10 regular regiments of Indian cavalry and 74 of infantry. When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. Indian troops to overwhelm their British colleagues. Social distance between officers and Indian soldiers. The Absentee Sovereignty of British means that India was being ruled by the British Government from England. MILITARY CAUSES. This took the form of Muslim millenarianism, with preachers in Lucknow foretelling the end of the raj. They too had a number of grievances. This would have insulted both Hindu and Muslim religious practices; cows were considered holy by Hindus, while pigs were considered unclean by Muslims. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. [17], Officers of an evangelical persuasion in the company's Army (such as Herbert Edwardes and Colonel S.G. Wheler of the 34th Bengal Infantry) had taken to preaching to their Sepoys in the hope of converting them to Christianity. Some of these units belonged to states allied to the British or recently absorbed into British-administered territory, and of these, two large contingents from the states of Awadh and Gwalior readily joined the growing rebellion. Mason, Philip (1974), pages 186 and 313 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. Political Causes ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 9 POLITICAL CAUSES. Dalhousie had also appointed Inam Commission with powers to confiscate land. Sepoy’s Mutiny. 2. The General Service This is again seemed to be a biased analysis. [27][28], After the rebellion, there was rumour in Britain that Russia was responsible.[28]. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Moreover, there was no scope of promotion and made to serve overseas. The military causes of Sepoy Mutiny primarily led to the outbreak of the 1857 revolt. Underlying grievances over British taxation and recent land annexations by the British East Indian Company (BEIC) also contributed to the anger of the sepoy mutineers, and within weeks, dozens of units of the Indian army joined peasant armies in widespread rebellion. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. Mason, Philip (1974), page 236 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. Larger [1] As early as the Charter Act of 1813 Christian missionaries were encouraged to come to Bombay and Calcutta under BEIC control. [21], The Bengal Army also administered, sometimes loosely, 29 regiments of irregular horse and 42 of irregular infantry. 1. Following the disarming and disbandment of an additional seventeen Bengal Native Infantry regiments, which were suspected of planning mutiny, only twelve survived to serve in the new post-mutiny army. 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