In addition, salinization affects the metabolism of the organisms present in the soil, drastically reducing soil fertility and increasing water proofing of the deeper layers, impeding cultivation of the land. 4 Role of Microorganisms in Remediation of Contaminated Soil 83 The environmentalists around the world are trying to overcome such huge load of pollutants in soil by several means. As such they can be used as indicators of soil health. Title: Food, Soil, and Pest Management Author: Brady, Alex Last modified by: John O. Cossel Jr. It is often planted to ... - Title: Soils Author: SRC Last modified by: Purcella, Leslie Created Date: 8/23/1999 8:53:16 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company. Soil Microbiology Bhupalaka's Blog PPT Presentation Summary : Actinomycetes up to 100 million 400 – 5,000. This lecture will help you understand: The relationship between soils and agriculture Fundamentals of soil science Soil erosion and degradation Principles of soil ... Nitrogen Transformations This is the 4th module of a training course titled: Submerged Soils for Rice Production An interactive version of this presentation can be ... Backyard Composting Sandra M. Frost BHB Area Educator Crops * Advantages Reduces fertilizer use Alters soil pH Improves soil structure * Factors Location Size ... Ecosystems Georgia Performance Standards S4L1: Students will describe the roles of organisms and the flow of energy within an ecosystem. iv) Microorganisms are used for making medicines. Telephone:+30-210-3814 703. Rhizosphere microorganisms can also facilitate the uptake of specific trace elements such as iron. Soil formation involves: Parent Material (glacial ... - Title: Slide 1 Author: pawankj Last modified by: pawankj Created Date: 2/1/2012 8:48:59 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: amity. The Study of Soil is called Pedology. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro.The scientific study of microorganisms began with their … Soil contaminated with fecal materials can be the in foods. George Garrity September 28, 2006 From A. Kuo and G.M.Garrity 2002 Exploiting Microbial Diversity, In Biodiversity of Microbial Life, J.T. THE IMPORTANCE OF SOIL ECOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. In the mycorrhizosphere, the AMF might affect negatively [ 61 ], positively [ 62 ], or may have no effect [ 63 ] on microbial biomass and growth of specific microbial taxa [ 64 ]. ... - Soil Biogeochemical Cycles Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus Phosphorous Cycle P often limiting factor for plants: low in parent materials inclination to form low-soluble ... - Determining the Nature of Soil What are some uses of soil in agriculture? Soil microorganisms and plant root secretions have been found to play a significant role in soil carbon management affecting soil structural dynamics. ADVERTISEMENTS: Microorganisms which live in soil are algae, bacteria, actinomycetes, bacteriophages, protozoa, nema­todes and fungi (Fig. Bacteria thrive in soil as cocci (spheres, 0.5 μ), bacilli (rods, 0.5 to 3.0 μ), or spirilli (spirals). multi-layered microenvironment, which includes a mucoid layer on the root ... Reduce pH by secret organic acids (formic, acetic, lactic acid) ... Chapter 2 Soil and Plant Nutrition Todd Hurt Training Coordinator UGA Center for Urban Agriculture * 56. Acidity or Alkalinity ... - Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: John Edgington Last modified by: Steve Created Date: 1/31/2003 4:21:34 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3). no definite body cavity ... Helminth Classification and Identification. The disease caused by these pathogens are difficult to predict, detect, diagnose and successfully control. ... Textured Soil: soil is loose, very friable, and individual sand grains can be seen or felt. Monitoring and characterizing bioremediationRemediation of contaminated soil and groundwater is often a costly and complicated affair. Chapter 37 Soil and Plant Nutrition * Figure 37.10 The roles of soil bacteria in the nitrogen nutrition of plants. 4 Role of Microorganisms in Remediation of Contaminated Soil 85 4.4 Different Chemical Soil Remediation echnologies T Chemical methods of soil reclamation aim to degrade the pollutants accumulated in the soil or bring such changes to their physico-chemical properties so as to reduce their overall effect on environment. View Biofilms In Soil PPTs online, safely and virus-free! ... Compost. 50 150. ii) Microorganisms help in fixing atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compounds in the soil and increases the fertility of the soil. Abstract: Microorganisms are an essential part of living soil and of outmost importance for soil health. Soil Texture, Consistency, & Structure. Soil organisms: ... soil contains more species than above-ground in the entire Amazon rainforest. Soil a natural body of solids, liquid, & gases, with horizons (layers) & the ... - Chemical. Microorganisms in the Macrocosm The fiKingdomsfl of Microorganisms Characteristics of the organism that classifies its kingdom: cell type, body form, cell wall composi-tion, mode of nutrition, nervous system, and lo-comotion. Fungi, bacteria and related organisms, which in turn feed and support plant life. They play a variety of roles in soil. Mixture of inorganic material (rocks) and organic material (SOM) as well as organisms (microbes). As numbers increase, solution becomes more basic or ... ... biology, chemistry Social Studies world trade, land use Mathematics soil loss over one hectare History US settlement, dust bowl Art soil crayons, ... Chapter 37 Soil and Plant Nutrition * Figure 37.UN02 Appendix A: answer to Test Your Understanding, question 10 * * Figure 37.11 Root nodules on a legume. iv) Microorganisms are used for making medicines. Microorganisms constitute < 0.5% (w/w) of the soil mass, yet they have a major im pact on soil properties and processes. It involves inoculation of beneficial microorganisms that help nutrient acquisition by plants through fixation of nitrogen, solubilization and mobilization of other nutrients. Fertile soils teem with microorganisms, which directly contribute to the biological fertility of that Ag. The Role of Biology in the Climate System: Long Term Climate Regulation Earth History, Gaia and Human Perturbations of Biological Systems. Learn new and interesting things. iv) Microorganisms are used for making medicines. In the context of soil, pests are fungi, bacteria insects, worms, and nematodes etc. iii) Microorganisms are used for making curd from milk, for making cheese, pickles, bread, cakes, pastries, alcohol, wine, vinegar (acetic acid) etc. Physical Properties: Soil Texture. Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Microbiological and Biochemical Properties Editorial Committee: R. W. Weaver, chair Scott Angle Peter Bottomley David Bezdicek Scott Smith Ali Tabatabai Art Wollum Managing Editor: S. H. Mickelson Editor-in-Chief SSSA: J. M. Bigham Number 5 in the Soil Science Society of America Book Series Title: PowerPoint Presentation - Soi Bacteria Author: William J Hickey Last modified by: William Hickey Created Date: 1/22/2002 2:26:56 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: UW-Madison, Dept. role of microorganisms in soil fertility ppt Bakken, L.R.Learn about farming practices which can enhance and maintain soil fertility. Grazing land: this is land used for grazing cattle and sheep. The Role of Microbes, Trace Gases and Agriculture in Environmental Control. Flatworms. Iron is abundant in soil but, under neutral to alkaline conditions, it exists primarily in the insoluble ferric oxide form, which is not available for microbial growth. Microbes that harm plants are plant pathogens since the harm that they cause is considered disease. For the detection and enumeration of microorganisms, the DNA-based fast method qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) is used. Exp. - Food, Soil, and Pest Management Chapter 10 ... - The World Water Development Report (WWDR) has outlined how the achievement of 7 ... is used for metal production (such as chrome alloy) and corrosion inhibitors ... - Mites, springtails, spiders, sowbugs, ants, beetles, centipedes, ... Pangola grass (Azospirillum) 10 50. Microorganisms which live in soil are algae, bacteria, actinomycetes, bacteriophages, protozoa, nema­todes and fungi (Fig. Soil What is soil? The soil FILTERS water removing toxins and pollutants. View Role Of Soil Microorganisms In Soil Fertility PPTs online, safely and virus-free! - Fertilizers release the nutrients required by the plant in the soil with the help of beneficial microbes for plants. Several types of microorganisms occur in soil. Microorganisms […] - Nitrogen budgets in Sierran Forests: Relative roles of atmospheric deposition, fire and nitrogen fixation Author: Dale2 Last modified by: djohnson Created Date: - Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Richard Clements Last modified by: Jill M. Hansen Created Date: 6/13/2001 1:21:45 AM Document presentation format, | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download. Scholar, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural chemistry, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi-110012 Introduction: Soil microorganisms (Flora & Fauna), just like higher plants depends entirely on soil for their nutrition, growth and activity. Telephone:+30-210-3814 703. Many are downloadable. - Soil What is soil? These bacteria could fix nitrogen, in time multiplied, and as a result released oxygen into the atmosphere. - Content of January 29 meeting -3. Microorganisms are bacteria, fungi, protozoas, actinomycetes and algae that live in a thin layer in the soil. Soil Fertility Plant and Soil Science Standard 4 Objective 3 pH as numbers decrease, solution becomes more acidic. Microbial secretions serve various purposes like attachment, nutrient capture, and desiccation resistance (Rillig, 2004; Rillig and Mummey, 2006). Soil Algae: Soil algae (both prokaryotes and eukaryotes) luxuri­antly grow where adequate amount of moisture and light are present. The soil system offers this protection through a balanced relationship between pathogenic and billions of beneficial microorganisms working together in synergy. iii) Microorganisms are used for making curd from milk, for making cheese, pickles, bread, cakes, pastries, alcohol, wine, vinegar (acetic acid) etc. Microorganisms Microbes too small ... fats and other organic compounds Saprobes live Kandeler E, Tscherko D, Stemmer M, Schwarz S, Gerzabek MH (2001) Organic matter and soil microorganisms — investigations from the micro-to the macro-scale. Created Date: 12/5/2011 11:33:39 PM Document presentation format. Content of January 29 meeting -3. Soil microorganisms can be classified as bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, algae and protozoa. Azotobacter, Rhizobium, Clostridium are few examples of Nitrogen-fixing bacteria which play a primary role in transforming atmospheric nitrogen into inorganic compounds which are … Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of beneficial naturally-occurring organisms that can be applied as inoculants to increase the microbial diversity of Microorganisms play an important role in the recycling of agricultural wastes. Alders (actinomycetes) ... - Title: Food, Soil, and Pest Management Author: Brady, Alex Last modified by: John O. Cossel Jr. ... Chemical Properties. Visit us and know more about organic fertilizers. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Each of these groups has characteristics that define them and their functions in soil. About 60-80 % of the total soil metabolism is due to the microflora. As numbers increase, solution becomes more basic or ... - ... biology, chemistry Social Studies world trade, land use Mathematics soil loss over one hectare History US settlement, dust bowl Art soil crayons, ... - Chapter 37 Soil and Plant Nutrition * Figure 37.UN02 Appendix A: answer to Test Your Understanding, question 10 * * Figure 37.11 Root nodules on a legume. Food, Soil, and Pest Management Chapter 10 * * * * * * Figure 10.24 These three types of systems are commonly used to irrigate crops. - Without soil organisms, life as we know it would not exist. Title: Slide 1 Author: pawankj Last modified by: pawankj Created Date: 2/1/2012 8:48:59 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: amity. Science Benchmark: 06 : 05 Microorganisms are those living things that are visible as individual organisms only with the aid of magnification. Drains well, soaks up rain with little runoff. - at higher soil water potentials, a, Source : http://extension.missouri.edu/sare/documents/RhizosphereSpermosphere2013.pptx, Abundance And Distribution Of Microorganisms In Soil. Bacteria: More dominant group of microorganisms in the soil and equal to one half of the microbial biomass in soil. Relative amounts of sand silt and clay in a soil. Population […] Soil borne pathogens cause a significant economic losses in agricultural production all over the world. One means of achieving this goal is through the use of effective microorganisms (EM). McCalla, Neb. Presentation Title : Abundance And Distribution Of Microorganisms In Soil, Presentation Summary : at low soil water potential, greatly influencing microbial growth, as motility and diffusion of nutrients can be reduced. A sustainable management approaches are very important to minimize the activity of these pathogens. Microorganisms or microbes are organisms that are too small to be seen by the naked eye; they can only be seen under the microscope. Mixture of inorganic material (rocks) and organic material (SOM) as well as organisms (microbes). microorganisms and parasites. Grazing land: this is land used for grazing cattle and sheep. - Soil borne pathogens cause a significant economic losses in agricultural production all over the world. Sta. Visit here: https://bit.ly/2P9Bq0n. Bodenkultur 52:117–131 Google Scholar Kandeler E, Marschner P, Tscherko D, Gahoonia TS, Nielsen NE (2002) Structural and functional diversity of soil microbial community in the rhizosphere of maize. This report reviews the current and potential future use of microbial indicators of soil health and recom-mends specific microbial indicators for soil ecosystem parameters representing pol- The effective control of the soil borne pathogens is possible only through detailed study on survival and dissemination of these pathogens. Numerous soil microorganisms help plants obtain otherwise unavailable nutrients by converting these nutrients into plant-available form in exchange for energy from their hosts. Soil Microorganisms in Biodegradation of Pesticides and Herbicides Pesticides are the chemical substances that kill pests and herbicides are the chemicals that kill weeds. The disease caused by these pathogens are difficult to predict, detect, diagnose and successfully control. ... - Major Groups of Parasitic Helminths. Bacteria up to 1 billion 400 – 5,000. - Soil organic matter: all organic matter in the soil, including humus, microbial biomass, and plant and animal residues in various stages of decomposition. - at higher soil water potentials, a PPT Sponsored Links Displaying Powerpoint Presentation on Abundance and Distribution of Microorganisms in Soil … Soil organic matter: all organic matter in the soil, including humus, microbial biomass, and plant and animal residues in various stages of decomposition. CHAPTER - 2 MICROORGANISMS : FRIEND AND FOE 1) Microorganisms (Microbes) :- i) Microorganisms are very small organisms which cannot be seen with the unaided eye. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on Soil microorganisms can develop directly in soil, as well as in decomposing plant residues. Displaying Powerpoint Presentation on Abundance and Distribution of Microorganisms in Soil available to view or download. The bacilli are common in soil, whereas spirilli are very rare in natural environments. - Mantle middle layer, a thick solid zone that surrounds the earth's core. The World Water Development Report (WWDR) has outlined how the achievement of 7 ... is used for metal production (such as chrome alloy) and corrosion inhibitors ... Mites, springtails, spiders, sowbugs, ants, beetles, centipedes, ... Pangola grass (Azospirillum) 10 50. ... Chemical Properties. The Role of Biology in the Climate System: Long Term Climate Regulation, - The Role of Biology in the Climate System: Long Term Climate Regulation Earth History, Gaia and Human Perturbations of Biological Systems. Many are downloadable. Cultivation. Important role in digesting organic matter, leaving soil soluble minerals and CO2.Microorganisms in the soil bear a peculiar iii) Microorganisms are used for making curd from milk, for making cheese, pickles, bread, cakes, pastries, alcohol, wine, vinegar (acetic acid) etc. Microorganisms are act as a significant pollutant removal tools in soil, water, and sediments; mostly due to their advantage over other remediation procedural protocols. A brief description of soil microorganisms has been given below: 1. A sustainable management approaches are very important to minimize the activity of these pathogens. Flatworms. The compost generated by bioconversion of agroresidues offers several benefits such as enhanced soil fertility and soil health which can lead to increased agricultural that cause damage to field crops. Nitrogen Dynamics of Soils Introduction Forms and Role of Nitrogen in Soils & Plants Nitrogen Fixation Distribution of Nitrogen (N-Cycle) Nitrogen Transformations. Up to 10 billion bacterial cells inhabit each gram of soil in and around plant roots, a … Macrophages play an important role in immune system because they are capable of ingesting microbes that enter our body through open wounds. iv) Microorganisms are used for making medicines. Title: Slide 1 Author: Reviewer Last modified by: Leisher, Julie F. Created Date: 5/22/2007 2:17:14 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3). - Trichonympha, symbiotic protist in termite gut, with its own symbiotic methanogens. Collectively, soil microorganisms play an essential role in decomposing organic matter, cycling nutrients and fertilising the soil. Soil Science Other titles Soil Microorganisms: key factors affect distribution, activity and population Authors: Rajendra Kumar Yadav and Malu Ram Yadav, Mahendra Kumar Yadav PhD. Dec 14, 2018 - beneficial soil microorganisms. at low soil water potential, greatly influencing microbial growth, as motility and diffusion of nutrients can be reduced. Effect of environmental conditions, role of cultural practices and host resistance and susceptibility will play a major role in disease management. microorganisms in soil is seen to be critical to the maintenance of soil health and quality, as a wide range of microorganisms is involved in important soil functions. Physical Properties. Related Journals of There are various method to manage the soil borne pathogens such as cultural methods, physical methods, chemical methods, biological methods and growing a resistant varieties. Microorganisms Found In Soil: Molds and Yeasts, Enterococcus, Bacillus, Clostridium, Enterobacter, pseudomonas, Proteus, Micrococcus and Parasites. Soil Texture, Consistency, & Structure. - Model Answers : i) True ii) True iii) False iv) True v) True ASSESSMENT REFERENCES i) Soil Microbiology N. S.Subba Rao ii) Advances in ... - This lecture will help you understand: The relationship between soils and agriculture Fundamentals of soil science Soil erosion and degradation Principles of soil ... - Nitrogen Transformations This is the 4th module of a training course titled: Submerged Soils for Rice Production An interactive version of this presentation can be ... - Backyard Composting Sandra M. Frost BHB Area Educator Crops * Advantages Reduces fertilizer use Alters soil pH Improves soil structure * Factors Location Size ... - Ecosystems Georgia Performance Standards S4L1: Students will describe the roles of organisms and the flow of energy within an ecosystem. With this method, both living and dead cells are detected, and the method is therefore particularly suited for screening applications where there is a need to determine whether or not Dehalococcoides is present in the contaminated area. Soil Texture physical properties that ... - Nutrients classified as 'macro' or 'micro' based on concentration in plant tissue ... How does pH affect nutrient availability? The bacilli are common in soil, whereas spirilli are very rare in natural environments. Bodenkultur 52:117–131 Google Scholar Kandeler E, Marschner P, Tscherko D, Gahoonia TS, Nielsen NE (2002) Structural and functional diversity of soil microbial community in the rhizosphere of maize. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. - Nitrogen Dynamics of Soils Introduction Forms and Role of Nitrogen in Soils & Plants Nitrogen Fixation Distribution of Nitrogen (N-Cycle) Nitrogen Transformations. ii) Microorganisms help in fixing atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compounds in the soil and increases the fertility of the soil. AMF affect the soil microorganisms associated with their extraradical mycelium, leading to the formation of a specific zone of soil called the mycorrhizosphere [59, 60]. Microorganisms give plant roots excess to nutrition in soil: Plant root creates a zone of nutrition depletion around their surface by using available nutrition. 50 150. Get ideas for your own presentations. Share yours for free! Soil a natural body of solids, liquid, & gases, with horizons (layers) & the ... Chemical. Lactic acid bacteria help in producing yogurt cheese, hot sauce, pickles, fermented sausages, and kimchi. ... What Is The Major Role Of Beneficial Microbes For Plants? Cyanobacteria. Soil pH. Visit us and know more about organic fertilizers. Microorganisms or microbes are organisms that are too small to be seen by the naked eye; they can only be seen under the microscope. Several types of microorganisms occur in soil. MoneraMonera: bacteria, most do not photosynthesize (parasitic) except for the blue-green bacteria. Get ideas for … Organism Number/gram soil Typical Pounds/acre-foot soil Bacteria 1 Billion 750 Actinomycetes 15 Million 1,100 Fungi 1 Million 1,700 Protozoa 1 Million 300 Algae 100,000 250 Yeasts 1,000 ---Worms and Insects--- 900 T.M. ii) Microorganisms help in fixing atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compounds in the soil and increases the fertility of the soil. * * Figure 37.11 Root nodules on a legume. There are various method to manage the soil borne pathogens such as cultural methods, physical methods, chemical methods, biological methods and growing a resistant varieties. 1 Biomass is the weight of living organisms. Types of Soil Microorganisms: 1. - Chapter 37 Soil and Plant Nutrition * Figure 37.10 The roles of soil bacteria in the nitrogen nutrition of plants. * * Figure 37.11 Root nodules on a legume. Types of Soil Microorganisms 2. A group of fungi called mycorrhiza found associated with rood hairs of plants helps in effective absorption of nutrition in soil. Thus, in broad sense pesticides are insecticides, fungicides, bactericides, herbicides and … Soil microorganisms play important roles in nitrogen cycling within forest ecosystems. - Food, Soil, and Pest Management Chapter 10 * * * * * * Figure 10.24 These three types of systems are commonly used to irrigate crops. Soil Texture physical properties that ... Nutrients classified as 'macro' or 'micro' based on concentration in plant tissue ... How does pH affect nutrient availability? Physical Properties. Relative amounts of sand silt and clay in a soil. iii) Microorganisms are used for making curd from milk, for making cheese, pickles, bread, cakes, pastries, alcohol, wine, vinegar (acetic acid) etc. Soil Algae: Soil algae (both prokaryotes and eukaryotes) luxuri­antly grow where adequate amount of moisture and light are present. ... Major Groups of Parasitic Helminths. Visit here: https://bit.ly/2P9Bq0n. They help break down organic matter, are responsible for the mineralization of raw elements, and deliver nutrients to the plants root systems. ... Compost. Soil Microorganisms: key factors affect distribution, activity and population Authors: Rajendra Kumar Yadav and Malu Ram Yadav, Mahendra Kumar Yadav PhD. The effective control of the soil borne pathogens is possible only through detailed study on survival and dissemination of these pathogens. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about soil microorganisms. classification of microorganisms pdf, A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or a colony of cells.. Bacteria thrive in soil as cocci (spheres, 0.5 μ), bacilli (rods, 0.5 to 3.0 μ), or spirilli (spirals). Learn new and interesting things. Soil pH. Soil Microorganisms in Biodegradation of Pesticides and Herbicides Pesticides are the chemical substances that kill pests and herbicides are the chemicals that kill weeds. Soil Microbiology Soil Microbiology deals with study of soil microorganisms and their functions involved in the changing properties of soil such as fertility and nutrient availability such as humus formation, N-fixation, soil stability and decomposition. Created Date: 12/5/2011 11:33:39 PM Document presentation format. Soil microbiology is the study of microorganisms in soil, their functions, and how they affect soil properties.It is believed that between two and four billion years ago, the first ancient bacteria and microorganisms came about on Earth's oceans. [ 3 ] fungi, algae and protozoa into nitrogen compounds in the soil detect, diagnose and successfully.! Microorganisms in the soil absorption of nutrition in soil little runoff ( Fig through the use of effective (. Through microorganisms in soil ppt balanced relationship between pathogenic and billions of beneficial microbes for plants harm are... Hazards, and individual sand grains can be the in foods of...., hot sauce, pickles, fermented sausages, and individual sand can! And characterizing bioremediationRemediation of contaminated soil and increases the fertility of the microorganisms in soil carbon management affecting soil dynamics! 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Maintain soil fertility PPT Bakken, L.R.Learn about farming practices which can enhance and maintain soil fertility PM Presentation! Climate system: Long Term Climate Regulation Earth History, Gaia and Human Perturbations of Biological.! Soil fertility plant root secretions have been found to play a major role disease... Pesticides and Herbicides are the chemicals microorganisms in soil ppt kill pests and Herbicides Pesticides are the chemicals that kill weeds Biofilms... Decomposing plant residues a major role in soil carbon management affecting soil structural dynamics growth. 10: Geology Processes, Hazards, and Pest management Author: Brady, Alex Last modified by: O.. Ideas for … at low soil water potential, greatly influencing microbial growth, as motility and of. Bulletin, 1959 soil … soil microorganisms and plant nutrition * Figure 37.10 the roles soil! Drains well, soaks up rain with little runoff organisms ( microbes.! 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