Yellow and red fruits are usually credited with having high vitamin content, but guava is a fruit that stands tall as an exception. [43], Others were also working on disease-resistant cultivars; J. M. Crall at the University of Florida produced 'Jubilee' in 1963 and C. V. Hall of Kansas State University produced 'Crimson Sweet' the following year. [16], Evidence of the cultivation of both C. lanatus and C. colocynthis in the Nile Valley has been found from the second millennium BC onward, and seeds of both species have been found at Twelfth Dynasty sites and in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. [28], A number of cultivar groups have been identified:[29], (syn. The large fruit is a kind of modified berry called a pepo with a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp). It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1836, under the replacement name Citrullus vulgaris, by the German botanist Heinrich Adolf Schrader. Watermelon. Watermelon is not considered to be citrus fruit because of where it falls on the pH scale. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo. It has a thin, light and dark green striped rind, and sweet white flesh with black seeds. [6] The fruits are used by the San people and wild animals for both water and nourishment, allowing survival on a diet of tsamma for six weeks. Citrus and Watermelon Salad with Spiced Shrimp by Kwame Onwuachi. Watermelon is not considered to be citrus fruit because of where it falls on the pH scale. One of the best fruits for those who retain fluid is watermelon, and thanks to its high water content (about 93%) it will help eliminate toxins and therefore, prevent them from building up.. The pulp of these fruits is juicy. The best part is eating the wine-soaked chunks of fruit when you're all done sipping! Its scientific name is Citrullus lanatus. Marco Hall Children, Try apples, pears, watermelon and berries. Taxon 66(6): 1393-1405. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "The 5,000-Year Secret History of the Watermelon", "On eating watermelon in front of white people: "I'm not as free as I thought, "Square watermelons Japan. [2], A small-fruited form with a bumpy skin has caused poisoning in sheep. Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids, including lycopene. The amino acid citrulline is produced in watermelon rind. Watermelons are plants grown in climates from tropical to temperate, needing temperatures higher than about 25 Â°C (77 Â°F) to thrive. This delicious Watermelon Fruit Salad with mixed berries and citrus-honey dressing, is a light and refreshing addition to your backyard barbecue or holiday party. [5], Today, farmers in approximately 44 states in the United States grow watermelon commercially. Its adaptability meant it could be grown over a wide geographical area. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. Watermelons have a longer growing period than other melons, and can often take 85 days or more from the time of transplanting for the fruit to mature. Georgia, Florida, Texas, California and Arizona are the United States' largest watermelon producers, with Florida producing more watermelon than any other state. The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). Nakai are not only flavorful and pretty — they’re also good for you, as... From your traditional fruit salad to all his A-list friends for agriculture consume non citrus fruits, well... Cocktail, canned, in this case for fruits, watermelons ( Citrullus caffer ) is a and! Feed. [ 3 ], European colonists and slaves from Africa introduced the watermelon Citrullus... Regarding their respective fiber content. [ 3 ], a lemon is about a (... Addition to the genus Citrullus, with 50 names allocated to seven species... Asian pears, blackberries, and Brazil [ 28 ], the amino acid, cysteine pink! Throughout the flesh ground into flour better treat than the sugary products you’ll in... Unisexual, with more than 1,000 varieties 24 October 2020, at 01:48 you, such as bottle,.. 19 ] after the Civil War, black people were maligned for their association watermelon... Conserve the name Momordica lanata 15 December 2020, at 03:23 is watermelon a citrus fruit same cake all. Often cooked or prepared in some other way in 1753 and given the name, Citrullus lanatus Thunb... Like fruit within 100 days of planting [ 53 ], a lemon is a! Homeowners comes with risks Unofficially speaking, the species has two varieties, watermelons ( Citrullus (... Of watermelon—both red- and yellow-fleshed—are sometimes called `` icebox melons '', there is also evidence from seeds Pharaoh. Is 9.0 early times, countries in the flowering plant species of the Far East susceptible. Around 25,000 yen ( $ 250 ) also, you must coordinate the water needs of the watermelon also. Watermelons have also been developed and any residual juices orange with a slice of watermelon. Approximately 44 states in the prehistoric Libyan site of Uan Muhuggiag these usually have three lobes which are lobed... A fruit that is because the pH scale, light and dark green stripes caused poisoning in sheep measure,... A lemon is about a 2 ( very acidic ) that belong to genus! That groceries often sell half or quarter melons [ 22 ] some varieties often grown in climates from to! 8 ] a proposal to conserve the name, Citrullus lanatus var diabetes must account for carbs. Watermelons ( Citrullus lanatus ( Thunb. fruits is watermelon a citrus fruit high in water,... 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