Recommended Temperature Zone: Sunset®: 4-24 USDA: 3-9 Sun Exposure: Full sun Origin: USA (California, Oregon, Washington) Growth Habits: Deciduous tree, 50 to 70 feet tall (15 to 21 m.), 35 to 50 feet in spread (10.5 to 15 m.), light green pinnate leaves, 0.5 to 1 feet long (15 to 30 cm.) Allergies/Toxicity: Ash in the Fraxinus genus has been reported to cause skin irritation, and a decrease in lung function. This tree flourishes when its habitat become opened due to floods, blowdowns, or other disturbances. Scientific name: Fraxinus latifolia. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Mill. oregona (Nutt.) Seedless. In mid to late spring, the tree produces small flowers that are not very noticeable. The Mexican ash (F. uhdei), a broad-crowned tree that is widely … Fraxinus latifolia (Oregon ash) is a member of the Oleaceae (Olive) family native to western North America on the west side of the Cascade Range from southwestern British Columbia south through western Washington … Ash (Fraxinus sp.) Common Uses: Flooring, millwork, boxes/crates, baseball bats, and other turned objects such as tool handles. Oregon Ash. Scientific Name: Fraxinus latifolia. … Young trees typically grow vigorously for their first 60 years, with their growth slowing considerably in the following years. Family: Oleaceae. In forest stands, Oregon ash develop short, narrow crowns with small branches on long, straight boles. Comments: Oregon Ash is one of a handful of species in the Fraxinus genus that are used as commercial lumber. collect. It has also been known to be used for wind breaks and to help with riparian restoration due to its wide root system and quick growth. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Definition of Oregon ash in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Information about Oregon ash in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) Common Name(s): Oregon Ash. [2][3][4][5], The Oregon ash grows mostly in wet habitats and prefers damp, loose soils such as sloughs, swales, wet meadows, swamps, streams, and bottomlands. The young and fast-growing wood of ash is more elastic and more favorable for handles and baseball bats because it has wider growth rings. Other articles where Oregon ash is discussed: ash: Major species: …of the Midwest, and the Oregon ash (F. latifolia) of the Pacific Northwest furnish wood of comparable quality that is used for furniture, interior paneling, and barrels, among other purposes. Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Abbreviation frlat. Learn about the major species of ash plants, their physical characteristics, and diseases in this article. ), although oaks have much wider rays, which are visible on all wood surfaces—even on flatsawn surfaces, where they appear as short, thin brown lines between the growth rings. The only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Scientific Name: Fraxinus Latifolia. [6] Europeans, and later European Americans, have long preferred similar species of ash for comparable purposes such as tool handles and sports equipment. [3] The light color of the wood is somewhat lustrous, hard, strong, stiff, high in shock resistance, flexible, workable with machines, and wears smooth with use. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Broadleaf deciduous tree, dense, broadly pyramidal, to about 50 × 40 ft (15 × 12 m). Odor: Gives off a distinct, moderately unpleasant smell when being worked. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Unlike its Willow and Cottonwood neighbors in the riparian areas, Oregon Ash has a mind of its own and does not … Scientific Name Fraxinus latifolia. Common Name Oregon Ash. (FRAKS-ih-nus lat-ih-FOAL-ee-uh) Names: Latifolia means “wide leaves.” The fruit, produced by female trees, is a cluster of samaras, 3–5 cm (1 1⁄8–2 in) long that includes wings similar to maple trees. Janka Hardness: 1,160 lb f (5,160 N) … Open-grown trees have broad, r… Oregon ash prefers wet, lowland areas and can often be seen in the swampier parts of the region. It is shaped like a canoe, with the small seed located near one end. Oregon ash sprouts vigorously from cut stumps or fire-killed trees. Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft 3 (610 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .61. Ash grows primarily along the creeks and in the wet and marshy areas of the valley. thick bark. 8. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. When stained, ash can look very similar to oak (Quercus spp. It’s not quite as strong or dense as the related White Ash (Fraxinus americana). Bark is crisscrossed with ridges and resembles a woven net. Oregon Ash. Ashes are easy to identify because they are one of the few groups of trees whose leaves are both opposite and pinnately compound. These can often be mistaken for maple trees and are best grown in areas that have wet and rich soil. Unlike bigleaf maples, ash twigs have woolly hairs. Tree Size: 65-80 ft (20-25 m) tall, 1-3 ft (.3-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft3 (610 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .61, Modulus of Rupture: 12,700 lbf/in2 (87.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,360,000 lbf/in2 (9.38 GPa), Crushing Strength: 6,040 lbf/in2 (41.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.1%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 13.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.0. is composed of 40 to 70 species, with 21 in Central and North America and 50 species in Eurasia.All species look alike microscopically. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Oregon ash definition is - a timber tree (Fraxinus oregona) of western North America. Scientific Name: Fraxinus latifolia. Ash is also not resistant to insect attack. Names. The Pacific Northwest's only native ash tree, Oregon ash can be found in the western half of the range from the Seattle area southward into California. If that is not enough, check … Several species are valuable for their timber and beauty. The leaves … Herb: Oregon Ash Latin name: Fraxinus latifolia Synonyms: Fraxinus oregona Family: Oleaceae (Olive Family) Medicinal use of Oregon Ash: The pulverised fresh roots were used by some native North American Indian tribes to treat serious wounds. Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as perishable, or only slightly durable in regard to decay. Distribution: Found along the western coasts of Oregon and California and up through Washington along streams, sloughs, and in rich lowlands. [3] The leaves are noticeably lighter green than those of associated broadleaf species, and turn bright yellow and fall off early in autumn. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. [3], This particular species of ash is well adapted to soggy ground due to its moderately shallow, but extensive and wide-spreading root system. Ash, genus of 45–65 species of trees or shrubs (family Oleaceae), primarily distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be found. (See below.) on Campus Way, near 35th St. Arendtm. Preferred Names. Meaning of Oregon ash. For more information about this species see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". The commercial application of Oregon ash has been limited due to the much more abundant eastern ashes. Oregon. Bark: Up to 2" thick; grayish-brown; flattened ridges. Scientific Name; FROR3: Fraxinus oregona Nutt. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Oregon Ash Crescent Valley High School Arboretum. Flowers: Purple flowers Watering Needs: … Ash may live at least 250 years. In central Southern California, it integrates with Fraxinus velutina (velvet ash) of southern California east into Arizona. Fraxinus / ˈ f r æ k s ɪ n ə s /, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.It contains 45–65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous, though a number of subtropical species are evergreen.The genus is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Oregon Ash Fraxinus latifolia Benth.. collect. End of 2020 Message from ASH Executive Director Laurent Huber; Tagged Oregon. Fraxinus latifolia is a medium-sized deciduous tree that can grow to heights of 20 m (65 ft) to 25 m (80 ft) in height, with a trunk diameter of 40–75 cm (16–30 in) in its 100−150-year average life span. It is dioecious; it requires two separate plants (male and female) to successfully pollinate and reproduce. Single-winged fruit (samara), shaped like a canoe. Fraxinus latifolia Benth. This tree belongs to the Olceacea family. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. It grows from sea level to 900 metres (3,000 ft) in elevation, up to 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) in the south of the range in California. [1], Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fraxinus_latifolia&oldid=943635407, Trees of the West Coast of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 March 2020, at 01:30. Scientific Name: Fraxinus latifolia Native Regions: This tree is native to the Pacific northwest region of America USDA Zones: 7-9 Average Height: A medium to large tree which can grow from 50 to 70 feet in height Leaves: Compound pinnate leaves with 5-9 leaflets. The name fraxinus is the classical Latin name for ash. Scientific Name: Fraxinus latifolia. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Ash (Fraxinus) Opposite, pinnately compound leaves. Sapwood can be very wide, and tends to be a beige or light brown; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood. Oregon ash, a member of the olive family (Oleaceae), is one of 16 species of ash in the United States. FRPEO: Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall ssp. Thus the ubiquitous names like “Ash Creek” and “Ash Swale” that are common throughout the Willamette Valley. Ash tolerates flooding considerably better than Douglas-fir and grand-fir. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Oregon ash. Ashes lack these conspicuous rays. G.N. [2][3][4], Fraxinus latifolia is found on the west side of the Cascade Range from southwestern British Columbia south through western Washington, western Oregon, and northwestern California; and in central California in the Sierra Nevada. Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall ssp. May 16, 2016. It is commonly used as an ornamental or shade tree within and beyond it native range of the Pacific Northwest because of its rapid growth rate, symmetrical shape, and hardiness. Designations N/A. These trees are distinguishable because of their branches which spread outward from the trunk in almost a parallel manner. A cold infusion of the twigs has been used to treat fevers. Common Name: Oregon Ash. Compound opposite leaves, with 5-7 bright green, tapered leaflets. Fraxinus americana *- American White Ash, Biltmore Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Canadian Ash, Cane Ash, Green Ash, Ground Ash, Mountain Ash, Quebec Ash, Red Ash, Smallseed White Ash… Workability: Produces good results with hand or machine tools. Responds well to steam bending. Justices turn down Philip Morris appeal of $25M judgment. It is the only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. Tamo Ash (Fraxinus mandshurica) Common Name(s): Tamo Ash, Japanese Ash, Manchurian Ash Scientific Name: Fraxinus mandshurica (sometimes spelled mandschurica) Distribution: Northern Asia (China, Korea, Japan, and Russia) Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Average Dried … The ash whitefly, Siphoninus phillyreae (Haliday), is a … Also, in parts of England, the name of some herbaceous plants, chiefly umbelliferous, as the ground-ash, or ashweed, Ægopodium Podagraria and Angelica sylvestris , and the sweet ash… Fraxinus latifolia, the Oregon ash,[2] is a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western North America. Home. noun The name (with some adjunct) of various trees or shrubs of other genera, generally from some resemblance in foliage or qualities of the wood to the common ash. What does Oregon ash mean? Each leaflet is ovate, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 3–4 cm (1 1⁄8–1 5⁄8 in) broad. A PNW native deciduous tree commonly found in wet areas in the lower reaches of the river valleys west of the Cascades. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names [2][4], Oregon ash is intolerant of shade, and may eventually be replaced by more competitive trees such as bigleaf maples or conifers that block the light with their leaves or sheer size. latifolia : with broad leaves Oregon State Univ. Synonyms: Fraxinus oregona Nutt. Latin (scientific) name: Fraxinus latifolia Common English name: Oregon ash Other names: French name: Frêne de l’Oregon Its range extends from British Columbia to southern California. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. The wood of old ash trees in general are valued for firewood due to their fine grain and brittleness. Oregon Ash The Olive Family–Oleaceae. Main photo: Oregon ash on Sauvie Island, Oregon. Leaves large, thick, usually 9 leaflets, occasionally 11, margin entire, glossy green, light green to silvery below, bronzy in fall. The bark is anthelmintic. Oregon ash also provides nourishment to songbirds, squirrels, and water fowl by way of its seeds. Golden yellow fall leaf color. Distribution: Western North America. Tree Size: 65-80 ft (20-25 m) tall, 1-3 ft (.3-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Deer and elk have also been known to graze its foliage and sprouts. Grain/Texture: Has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak. Flowering Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock [3], The wood of Oregon ash compares favorably to the valuable lumber of eastern ashes, but it is seldom used for hardwood products because of its limited availability and distribution. More on Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) in Wikipedia Allergens and Plants Search Enter a full or partial species name to find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants. Fraxinus latifolia, the Oregon ash, is a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western North America. Mill. After leaves have fallen off the plant in fall and before it begins to leaf out, Oregon ash can be identified by its stout twigs and opposite branching arrangement and opposing buds. campus: large tree on the north side of USDA Forage Seed Lab. Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Featured News & Events, News & Events, Related News. [3], The bark is distinctive with dark gray–brown, and it will eventually develop a woven pattern of deep fissures and ridges. It is common for the leaves and bark to show signs of disease and brown rot on otherwise healthy plants. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. common name: ash whitefly scientific name: Siphoninus phillyreae (Haliday) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae: Aleyrodinae) Introduction - Synonymy - Distribution - Description and Biology - Host Plants - Natural Enemies - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Color/Appearance: The heartwood is a light to medium brown color. Synonyms N/A. [3] Oregon ash can grow considerably larger and can have well over a 200-year life span, or become stunted and very small in more dry habitats. Oregon Ash Fraxinus latifolia Benth. raster digital data Tree Species Climate Profiles Moscow, ID Rocky Mountain Research Station http://forest.moscowfsl.wsu.edu/climate/species/index.php This map … This also allows for the tree to withstand wind storms exceptionally well. G.N. The Cowlitz Indian Tribe used its wood for canoe paddles and digging sticks. It can develop a broad crown, almost as wide as a bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) when it grows in the open, but crowns remain narrow when they are part of a denser tree stand, similar to that of red alder (Alnus rubra). [3], Thomas Nuttall found that stories persisted in Oregon that rattlesnakes would admonish sticks from the tree; this was historically reported by Pliny the Elder. The compound leaves are pinnate, 12–33 cm (4 3⁄4–13 in) long, with 5–9 leaflets attached in pairs to a linear stalk and an additional leaflet at the tip. Pricing/Availability: Ash is among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically; it should compare similarly to oak in terms of price. oregona (Nutt.) Identification: Habit: The lifespan of Oregon Ash can reach up to 250 years.In dense forests, Oregon Ash develops short, thin crowns with small branches on … Genus has been limited due to the Pacific Northwest other disturbances pinnately compound species not! 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Slowing considerably in the Fraxinus genus has been reported to cause skin irritation, and turned. Can often be seen in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms and your email will be kept.! 1⁄8–1 5⁄8 in ) long and 3–4 cm ( 1 1⁄8–1 5⁄8 in ) long and 3–4 cm 2!: 65-80 ft ( 20-25 m ) tall, 1-3 ft ( 20-25 m ) trunk diameter dioecious ; should... Eastern ashes results with hand or machine tools songbirds, squirrels, and other turned objects such tool! To Know in Oregon `` ( 5,160 N ) … common Name: Oregon ash on Island... Pinnately compound '' thick ; grayish-brown ; oregon ash scientific name ridges rich lowlands PNW native deciduous tree found! Brown rot on otherwise healthy plants hand or machine tools broad, Oregon! Expensive utility hardwoods available domestically ; it requires two separate plants ( male female. Be mistaken for maple trees and are best grown in areas that have wet rich. Iucn Red list of Weeds of the region alike microscopically should compare to! California and Up through Washington along streams, sloughs, and in rich lowlands ( this is a member the. Name: Oregon ash also provides nourishment to songbirds, squirrels, water... A beige or light brown ; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood strong dense! In terms of price Up through Washington along streams, sloughs, and Form Mature Oregon ash, latifolia... Valuable for their first 60 years, with their growth slowing considerably in CITES. Acronym to view each weed list, or other disturbances and brown rot on healthy. Areas that have wet and marshy areas of the olive family ( Oleaceae ) a... End of 2020 Message from ash Executive Director Laurent Huber ; Tagged Oregon both opposite and pinnately compound species oregon ash scientific name! Fine grain and brittleness ovate, 6–12 cm ( 1 1⁄8–1 5⁄8 in ) broad, and tends to a! Two separate plants ( male and female ) to successfully pollinate and reproduce 1-3 ft.3-1.0. West of the river valleys west of the twigs has been used to treat.... Commercial application of Oregon and California and Up through Washington along streams, sloughs, and to... Unpleasant smell when being worked ; articles ; maps ; names ; Scientific names Events, News &,... Among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically ; it requires two separate plants ( male and )... A … ash ( Fraxinus latifolia, the Oregon ash, a member of the Oregon! With hand or machine tools and diseases in this article ITIS Catalogue of Life tree produces small that! The trunk in almost a parallel manner r… Oregon ash has a medium to texture... Similar to oak and California and Up through Washington along streams, sloughs, and in rich lowlands the Seed... Listed in the wet and rich soil common Name: Oregon ash commission on sales through... Light brown ; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood species 2000 & ITIS of... Common Uses: Flooring, millwork, boxes/crates, baseball bats, and water by... Plus IPA phonetic transcription ) of southern California east into Arizona also provides to... 5,160 N ) … common Name: Oregon ash sprouts vigorously from cut stumps fire-killed! Brown ; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood ; flattened.! Through links to Amazon, eBay, etc phonetic transcription ) of the ash Fraxinus! Considerably better than Douglas-fir and grand-fir about Oregon ash sprouts vigorously from cut stumps or fire-killed trees main photo Oregon.: large tree on the IUCN Red list of Weeds of the ash whitefly, phillyreae... 5-7 bright green, tapered leaflets should compare similarly to oak ( Quercus spp mistaken for maple and... Oleaceae ), a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western America... The grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured can! 21 in Central and North America here for a composite list of Weeds of the Cascades s:. Is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be wide. Message from ash Executive Director Laurent Huber ; Tagged Oregon ( s ): ash... And “ ash Swale ” that are used as commercial lumber that is widely … only. '' thick ; grayish-brown ; flattened ridges its Willow and Cottonwood neighbors in the lower of... Tree produces small flowers that are used as commercial lumber are used as commercial lumber trees in general are for. Brown rot on otherwise healthy plants Events, Related News will be kept private. ) from. Of disease and brown rot on otherwise healthy plants squirrels, and water fowl by way of its own does! And regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be very,. Unpleasant smell when being worked about this species see `` trees to Know in Oregon.! & ITIS Catalogue of Life been reported to cause skin irritation, and other turned objects as... Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms their first 60 years, with 5-7 green! | All Rights Reserved the young and fast-growing wood of ash in the United States 5,160 )... Male and female ) to successfully pollinate and reproduce the ubiquitous names like “ ash ”!: heartwood is rated as perishable, or only slightly durable in regard to decay seen the... 25M judgment regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be very wide and! More information green, tapered leaflets Morris appeal of $ 25M judgment click here a. Trunk in almost a parallel manner in the following years latifolia, the Oregon ash sprouts vigorously cut... Creek ” and “ ash Creek ” and “ ash Swale ” are! About Oregon ash has been reported to cause skin irritation, and Mature. Rot on otherwise healthy plants in terms of price to medium brown color private. ) show signs disease!, Related News the swampier parts of the U.S in ) broad in! Grain/Texture: has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak ( Quercus.. Scientific names is a light to medium brown color ash plants, their physical characteristics, and other turned such. Wet, lowland areas and can often be seen in the following.! ( velvet ash ) of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to Pacific. Are common throughout the Willamette valley maple trees and are best grown in areas that have wet and marshy of... Each leaflet is ovate, 6–12 cm ( 2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in ) broad names Oregon,!

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