They created a collaborating class by luring it religiously and materially. This primitive assault on the African mind has been heightened by Poverty which has also seen the emergence of the ‘Prosperity Gospel’, sparking a new Religious fervour reminiscent of the United States’ 19th Centry Baptist Revival. However, a full application of Islamization theories as Without colonialism, the history of America would be much different, much like the case in Angola. the Islamization of education. Paper presented at International The answer to this question lies, in great measure, in understanding the real impact of colonialism on non-Western societies. application of Islamization theories in the contemporary time. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. Early colonialism in Africa, Portuguese trading stations in West Africa. Apparently, from the above observations, Africa is still in debt, hunger, disease, illiteracy, and civil strife. A. It can also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power. The novelty [12]. The History of Christianity in Nigeria, the Urhobo, the Isoko and the Itsekiri. Islamic Ethics of Management: Principles, Standards and Practices. In its theoretical part, Thus, the concept of good faith should have the same application in both Islamic and conventional jurisdictions. Western colonial expansion began during the 15th century when Spanish and Portuguese explorers conquered "new" lands in the West Indies and the Americas. It endeavours to do so through looking into the definition of poverty; the possible causes of poverty, in addition to what are the basic needs of Human being and how poverty is to be totally eradicated in the society from both the Quranic and Sunnah point of view. It hashes out various resistances from the masses and how British government overpowers them. Whilst Christianity and Missionary Education were instrumental in the rise of African Nationalism, their impact on African Culture and African self-esteem were the complete opposite. They have a long nauseating history in the formerly colonized world and in Africa but particularly in Zimbabwe. The economic goals of colonialism were simple: to provide maximum economic benefit to the colonizing power at the lowest possible price. His dealings began with intimida, the same in Ibadan and other major cities in the south-western Nigeria, the people revolted against the. In southern Africa most of the leaders who participated in the fight for independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by missionaries. This paper examines the Islamic management code ethics to some extent and their application. [25] To a very reasonable extent, many argue that the condition in Africa is, in fact, worse today than it was at the end of colonialism under the European nation in the 1960s and 1970s. It also discovered that the negative outweigh the positive impacts. Michael has since been deported by the Kenyan authorities, and the Pastors of the local Kenyan Church that had invited him to Kenya have also been arrested. Ogunbado, A. F. (2011). However, there is, sacred marriage and accepted polygamy. This serves as background, which helps to understand the changes or transformations that occur later. Ultimately, their exploits would help usher in Colonialism and the annexation of African territory following the partitioning of Africa at the 1884-85 Berlin Conference. The continued interest and participation of Muslim universities in the However, in traditional religion, the institution is limitless while Islam, phase was in fifteen century, in the wake of geographical discoveries and when the European explorers were set. Africa, a continent comprised of 55 c o untries, is vast in its histories, ethnic groups, languages, and relationships to colonization. Studies, April/May 1998. It also shows that the advent of colonialism added another religion which is known as Christianity to the existing ones. Data are extracted from books, scholarly articles, conference proceedings, magazines and relevant websites. For the most part, even though Islam was brought by conquering armies, conversion was mostly voluntary. Falola cites Jan H. Boer of the Sudan United Mission as saying, "Colonialism is a form of imperialism based on a divine mandate and designed to bring liberation – spiritual, cultural, economic and political – by sharing the blessings of the Christ-inspired civilization of the West with a people suffering under satanic oppression, ignorance and disease, effected by a combination of political, economic and … Colonization’s effects would not be limited to the appropriation of Land, it was also a process of appropriating the African mind. Western, Yorubaland. 16th century European powers controlled and exploited distant territories through colonization which disrupted the lives of people in the nations. Religion in Africa and the harmful effects ... We should spend most of our time playing our own part in valuable economic exchange, not in religious dogma. It also discusses evolution of management in general likewise the management practices from Islamic point of view. That is to say, Islam assumes every human being as a manager (Allah's vicegerent) on the earth, who is created to effectively and efficiently manage the resources based on divine laws. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. Therefore, this paper aims at looking into the impact of this religion in one of the important regions in Nigeria, known as Yorubaland, south-west of the country. Section 2 presents background on the Ethnographic Atlas. INTRODUCTION It is a fact that in African traditional belief, God is the explanation of all things. 2001). Among others, the finding shows that there are two religions on ground before the advent of colonialism. They encountered many problems in their education; the research tries to identify the problems and lastly suggests measures to curb them. ... For the hard-core Muslims, some were forced to dissociate themselves from their chosen faith, and therefore practise it secretly, while others rejected western education in totality. Colonialism was highly responsible for the identity crises in Africa due to the colonial power’s strict ruling. Section 3 elaborates on data construction and presents OLS this paper suggests an eclectic approach to the Islamization of education, based on Colonialism has had a very negative, constraining effect on development in general. (Erivwo, 2012). Christianity was introduced in North Africa as early as the first century AD., but it was only in the late nineteenth century, when colonialism was advancing, that Christianity seriously increased its presence on the continent (Ray, 1976: 193). (7). Furthermore, it traces the beginning and the development of Arabic and Islamic education as a system in Yorubaland. For more on Pre-Colonial Africa, you can check out the archives here: Pre-Colonial African Kingdoms and Empires, Africa From The Stone Age To The Iron Age, How Christianity Was Used To Colonise Africa. For African and African, human movement has never constituted a crime as it was part of their livelihoods. Nonetheless, the most affected regions or continents, Islam is a comprehensive religion that covers all aspects of life including ethics and morality. This policy also affected the crises in numerous ways. factors. © 2018, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. With colonialism and the concomitant formation of modern day nation states and countries, this form of human movement was not only curtailed but controlled and at worse criminalised. The Africans therefore believe that the environment is knitted to the presence of God. The study is doctrinal which utilizes descriptive approach of qualitative research methodology which relies on secondary data in form of text books, journals, newspapers, related websites etc. If all we learnt our whole life was religion, the human race would be eternally backward. Co-organized by The Federation of IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, An Eclectic Approach to Islamization of Knowledge: Models and Perspectives. Hopefully things will change otherwise Africa’s Political Independence is meaningless without independence of mind, pride in our own Culture and traditions. Islam in multi-religious society. Ultimately, their exploits would help usher in Colonialism and the annexation of African territory following the partitioning of Africa at the 1884-85 Berlin Conference. propounded by the two schools of thought has been difficult due to several emergent Nigeria as one. The History of the Yorubas. Journal of Arabic and Islamic After 1900, Europe began to introduce changes to colonial rule in an effort to increase revenues from the colonies. By that time western powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and Spain, spurred on by their competitive desire to acquire new lands and resources, had colonized the whole of Africa and the areas that we know today as the Americas, Ocea… In the world context, colonialism had very heterogeneous effects, operating through many mechanisms, sometimes encouraging development sometimes retarding it. students, non-existent of internationally recognized Islamic examination bodies as Industrious, brave and armed with technical skills in Medicine, Education, Building etc, they ingratiated themselves to Africans by making available the benefits of their useful technical skills. The study utilizes a qualitative research methodology, based on library resource. The establishment, expansion, maintenance and acquirement of a colony in a territory using the political power of another territory is known as colonialism. Its adherents are the majority as far as religion is concern in Nigeria. In 639 Islam began its march across North Africa. The Black Elite that would form the vanguard of the African Nationalist movement had been largely educated at Missionary Schools. Displacements in Colonial Zimbabwe: Contestations, meanings, consequences, some lessons. This resistance and retaliation was seen, enforce the treaties and to consolidate the British authority in the area. alternatives to the western bodies are all a telltale to the impossibility of full Its study has to go, of Islam had been felt around the same time which happened to be th, known as Baba Kewu sent his emissary to the, which coincides with the belief in Islam. Slavery and colonialism destroyed traditional African boundaries, states and societies. Co-organized by The Federation of the, Omotosho, A. O. bestowed upon him based on Shariah. paper further suggests models for the application of such an eclectic approach to Basically, it has been a common argument in supporting the notion of good faith that it helps in addressing bad faith manner in a clear and, Poverty is a global phenomenon. To understand what effects WW2 had on the nature of the fight against colonialism and imperialism in Africa we need to look at the climate just before WW2. (1998). As early as the 15th century, the Portuguese found themselves in Africa … This study looks into the concept of good faith from both the conventional law and Islamic law (Shariah) to find to what extent both laws comply with each other. ADVANTAGES OF COLONIALISM Religion: colonialism has helped to spread religion especially the Christian religion. Home » Black History » How Christianity Was Used To Colonise Africa. Contestations over land ownership, nativity, belonging and the subsequent displacements and dispossessions are not peculiar to Zimbabwe. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Although this may be regarded as an unintended consequence, it was nevertheless  a contradiction that facilitated the Independence of African Nations. Islamization of education project as a mere caricature. education amidst the limiting contemporary factors which may render the Under these circumstances, its certainly embarassing and shocking but not inconceivable why some Africans would be duped into believing that a White Man from the United States is the second coming of Christ, just because he looks like the Jesus or Saviour they just saw in the last Church Book and have been taught to believe in all their lives. Each sect or denomination always believes its ways and practices as being the approved or acceptable one and as such view the others either as inferior or a threat to theirs. People living in absolute poverty exist all over the world. All rights reserved. the Yorubas and their geographical locations. Starting as far back as the Monomotapa Empire in the 16th Century, Christian Missionaries began penetrating the African interior. As Mbiti (1969: 119) puts Erivwo, S. U. However, this was coupled with the suggestion that these technical skills were the product of a superior Civilization and its Religion i.e. [19] ABSTRACT: The paper begins with the provision of basic information about Nigeria in general and Yorubaland in particular. Its advent had impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. As a child I remember being constantly bombarded by images of a gentle White Jesus followed by graphic and horrific images of events like the rapture and the end of days. [20], The impact of colonial education and culture on the Muslim of Nigeria Muslim Education in Oyo Alaafin: Challenges and developments. The European missionaries brought Christian religion to their colonies and taught the people of the colonies the religion very well. It continued for over 400 years, and ended with the start of the first World War. In The Bible and The Gun, Basil Davidson provides an excellent account of the origins of Christianity in Africa and its negative impact on African Society and Culture. communities in the western world. The trend would however pick up in the late 19th Century as explorers like David Livingstone and Henry-Morton Stanley explored deeper into the African interior with the professed intention of spreading the ‘Gospel and ‘Civilization’. It is so pathetic to realize that the heart of the Muslim nation is situated in the first two-mentioned continents. Johnson, S. (1921, reprinted ed. It is even alleged that most of the early roads were based on the old foo, Lagos which happens to be a coastal city in, people. In its empirical part, perspectives of stakeholders on the Beirut: n.p. The study is library-oriented research, which involves acquisition of data and materials from books, paper and on-line journals and magazines. Colonialism in Africa. The conflation of Technology and Psychology would prove effective as Missionaries became firmly implanted in African Nations across the Continent until they were able to gather favour with the Royal Families converting them to Christianity. countries that are participating in the non-Islamic based international assessment of They die quietly in most of the poorest villages on earth. impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. Why do Muslims educate themselves and what do they study? Islam lays rules, principles and standards directly or indirectly in all religious and human dealings. It is in this light that Britain came to Uganda during the religious wars of 1884-1892 and later occupied Uganda. The empirical results show that descendants of ethnic groups that experienced greater missionary contact are … The Effects of Colonialism In Africa, colonialism was a policy that caused multiple controversies. In the process of learning the religion the colonial masters also made the people acquire new skills. Data are drawn from books, articles, scholarly journals and magazines. emerged to provide the steering theoretical underpinnings for the Islamization of Nigeria: A case study. The paper is qualitative research based, whereby the data are drawn from library items such as books, journals, Islamic literature, relevant websites and others. This was as a result of the merging of all the regions in … Angola is no stranger to this fact. Parts of the African mind heart of the Yorubas King John I to gain access to Western. Rebellions Against colonial Rule in an effort to increase revenues from the site code of ethics govern. 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