Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. The terms of the subsidiary alliance, and later, of the Doctrine of Lapse were such that the East India Company slowly but surely took control over the kingdoms one by one. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … However, they had to swear allegiance to the British crown. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt of 1857 Notes. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Revolt of 1857 was one the most extraordinary event in the history of India. The new law made it mandatory for a sepoy to agree to serve overseas if required. Both Hindus and Muslim sepoys were offended by the introduction of these cartridges. Your email address will not be published. Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. Various Aspects of “The Rebellion of 1857” Name :- Amit Mishra Class :- 8th Section :- (B) Roll No. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. Students and parents can download free a collection of all Though a reluctant leader at first, Bahadur Shah did play an important role in the rebellion. Ans: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi wanted the East India Company to recognise her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom after the death of her husband. The British founded their empire in Bengal after winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. B. :- 03. It rarely had to use military power. In consequence of this action, the rebellion spread. Results of the 1857 Revolt: The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. Ans: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of the nawabs and rajas was on its decline. Class :- 8th If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. They also abolished the Doctrine of Lapse, thereby allowing rulers to pass on their kingdoms to adopted sons. They had families living in the villages. It removed the name of the Mughal king from the coins. Revolt of 1857 1. The Mutiny of 1857: India's First Rebellion Against the British, Examples NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History | Free PDF History Guide: Chapters with Concepts, Videos and Examples Quick summary with Stories The British took several steps to reform the society. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. "In this instan From 1757 to 1857, the Company successfully annexed various Indian states, virtually unopposed, by using a variety of political, economic and diplomatic methods. The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. Table of Contents. The leadership of the Mughal emperor seemed to provide legitimacy to it. New laws were passed against the practice of sati. On the other hand, they tried their best to win back the loyalty of the people. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt Of 1857 Notes. After them, the people of various Indian towns and villages also rose up in rebellion and rallied around local leaders, zamindars and chiefs. However, there were some others who wanted to get rid of many of the social evils. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. Having this symbolic head inspired the rebels to fight the British with renewed confidence, hope and courage. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? This video is from Kriti Educational Videos. The emperor wrote letters to the various chiefs and rulers of the country to come forward and organise a confederacy of Indian states to fight the British. On the one hand, they tried and hanged a number of rebel leaders who had challenged their authority and could do so again in the future. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. They would be called princes. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Required fields are marked *. After the death of her husband, she wanted her adopted son to be recognized as the heir to the kingdom. Their religious sentiments were affected, and this was the reason they refused to use the cartridges. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the … GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] The presence of British Residents in the courts further eroded their authority and curtailed their freedom to administer their kingdoms. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. A significant mutiny to happen before the 1857 Revolt was the Vellore (Tamil Nadu, South India) Mutiny of 1806 which was brutally crushed by British officers and soldiers. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. They were assured that they would be allowed to continue to enjoy traditional rights over their lands. NATURE OF REVOLT There is a great controversy amongst the scholars over the nature of the revolt of 1857. Discuss the nature of the Uprising/Revolt of 1857. Various Aspects of “The Rebellion of 1857” Name :- Amit Mishra Class :- 8th Section :- (B) Roll No. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. nature of their rule. They announced reward for loyal landowners. They had not come to settle in India but only to take money home. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Ans: The new cartridges were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Ultimately, the Company annexed the kingdom as per the Doctrine of Lapse. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. (vi) Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion − The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with. 8. Some of the new rules violated their religious sensibilities and beliefs. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 18 The Revolt of 1857. However, he had to give in, and was thus proclaimed their leader. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Causes of 1857 Revolt. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. However, they agree to go by land route. were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal dynasty had declined and many smaller power centres had begun asserting their authority. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. All the British historians, in particular. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. The Company was also working on its plan to bring the Mughal dynasty to an end. (v) Treated the Muslims with suspicion and hostility − Considering them to be responsible for the rebellion in a big way, the British confiscated the land and property of Muslims on a large scale. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … Ans: After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal emperors held only symbolic value. However, by the Government of India Actof British Parliament in 1858, this authority was divested from the Board of Control and the East Indian Company and was entrusted to the Secretary of State for India aided by a council. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. This is the reason why the revolt and the threatening form it took came as a shock to the British. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. The Secretary of State was a member of the British cabinet and thus, the ultimate power over India remained in the hands of th… (iii) Provided a sense of security to landowners − Policies were made to protect landlords and zamindars, and give them security of rights over their lands. Ans: In 1850, a new law was passed to make conversion to Christianity easier. Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] Copyright © All rights reserved. The Indian sepoys were not happy about their pay, allowances and conditions of service. The attack by Mangal Pandey is considered one of the first acts of what came to be known as the Great Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny. The British historians have treated the great uprising of 1857 as a sepoy mutiny. The nature of the 1857 event has become so emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives. British historian have only considered it as a “sepoy mutiny”, they consider its immediate cause the greased cartridges only. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. A law was also passed to encourage widow remarriage. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It was announced that they would be given another place in Delhi as residence. The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. Q 8: In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? The Hindus believed that crossing the sea would mean that they would lose their religion and caste. There are two major views regarding the nature of the Revolt of 1857. B) Modern educated Indians looked at it as backward looking. Another reason for the confidence of the British was the decline of the Mughal dynasty. Ans: During the revolt, the defeat of the British forces in a number of battles caused a number of uprisings against the British in various Indian states. Gradually they established their full control over India. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a … For this, the sepoys were severely punished. It was a civil rebellion led by the Sepoys. A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. A feeling was developing among most of the Indians that the British were trying to destroy their religion, social customs and traditional way of life. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. Revision worksheets, Sample papers, Question banks and easy to learn study notes for all classes and subjects based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. In 1849, it was announced by Governor General Dalhousie that after the death of Bahadur Shah Zafar the family of the king would be shifted out of the Red Fort. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon in October 1858. *When we talk about other countries lying inIndian sub continent Burma , Ceylon ,Singapore ,Nepal and Bhutan were the major countriesunderBritish. Though the g… Download free printable worksheets Social Science pdf of CBSE and kendriya vidyalaya Schools as per latest syllabus in pdf, CBSE Class 8 SST Worksheet - The Revolt of 1857. Various Aspects of The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. Causes of the Revolt: Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. These Threatened by the expansion of the British rule, many of them felt that if the Mughal emperor could rule again, they too would be able to rule their own territories once more. The answer to this question lay in Red Fort, in Delhi. The Company officially promoted the English language. C) Indian soldiers were well equipped D) There was a coherent ideology during the revolt. The Company, through various measures, ensured that the dynasty came to an end. It was also decided upon that Bahadur Shah would be the last Mughal king and after his death, none of his descendents would be recognised as kings. Origin of the Mutiny . It started essentially as a sepoy mutiny but was soon joined by the civilians from different classes viz. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. In 1856, it was decided by Governor General Canning that Bahadur Shah Zafar would be the last Mughal king. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. :- 03 2. However, the truth lies somewhere in between. The British had appointed Residents in many courts. Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging them to come forward and support the rebellion. 8. The British government was now directly responsible for ruling India. It was … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. Match the following: Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . nature of their rule. Name :- Amit Mishra Let us take the example of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. This video or animation explains the revolt of 1857 which is one of the major event in the struggle for Indian Independence. After his death, none of his descendants would be recognized as kings. On the other hand, the staunch patriotic and nationalist Indian writers & historians regard the Revolt of 1857 as the First War of Indian Independence. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Though Mughals had lost their earlier authority, a Mughal emperor’s word still held importance for quite a number of smaller rulers and chieftains. So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. Q 7: How did the British succeed in securing the submission of the rebel landowners of Awadh? The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. These The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of … Most of the sepoys were from rural background. The fact that apart from the Company there was no other dominant authority in the Indian subcontinent, and the belief that there was absolutely no threat to its authority together contributed to its confidence about its position in India before May 1857. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s … Q 1 : What was the demand of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi that was refused by the British? So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. This not only strengthened the rebel forces, but also gave a national character to the rebellion. British historians have called it a Mutiny – confined to the army which did not command the support of the people at large. Q4: How did the last Mughal emperor live the last years of his life? On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. Theme: Your email address will not be published. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. Before 1858, the administration of Indian affairs was in the hands of the Board of Control of the British government and the Directors of the British East Indian Company. This interpretation is not correct. This law made it easier to convert to Christianity. The name of the Mughal king was removed from the coins minted by the Company. This is an animated video that explains about the causes of the revolt of 1857. (ii) Provided a sense of security to the local rulers − The ruling chiefs of the country were assured that their territories would never be annexed by the British. After the revolt was suppressed, Bahadur Shah was tried in court and sentenced to life imprisonment. You can Read First. Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests but they failed. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. The Company passed a new law in 1856. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. peasants, Zamindars, local rulers etc. The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. Section :- (B) The revolt of 1857 was first organized attempt of Indians to get rid of the British. The Company also took away their revenues and territories in stages. The various kingdoms were forced to disband their armies and enter into a subsidiary alliance with the British. This law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit the property of his ancestors. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. Impact on the Sepoys The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. Ans: Though the rebels were determined to bring the East India Company’s rule in country to an end, they were faced with the question as to who would rule the land once the space of power fell vacant. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. A subsidiary alliance was imposed on Awadh in 1801 and it was fully taken over in 1856. • Lord Dalhousie followed an aggressive expansionist policy and unjustly annexed Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, using the Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. Q 2: What did the British do to protect the interests of those who converted to Christianity ? This demand was refused by the British. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. They had not come to settle in India but only to take money home. He died in the Rangoon jail in November 1862. After the defeat of the rebel forces, the British had a two-pronged strategy to suppress the rebels and the rebellion. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. There are differences of opinions amongst historians about the character of this great revolt. A widespread popular rebellion developed in the region of Awadh in particular. Impact on the Sepoys The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. Yet, the word of the Mughal king still held force for quite a number of ruling families. Roll No. You can change your ad preferences anytime. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept The authority and the honour which they earlier commanded were gradually waning away. The villages took to arms and the landlords led them. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. Since the time it erupted, all historians have been engaged in the futile exercise of labelling the Uprising of 1857 with some descriptive word or other- such as mutiny, revolt, revolution, national war etc. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 1. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The peasants were not happy with the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … (iv) Reorganised the army − The proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced and the number of European soldiers in the army was increased. • Lord Dalhousie followed an aggressive expansionist policy and unjustly annexed Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, using the Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. Match the following: In 1850, a new law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit property of his ancestors. Ever since the Vellore Mutiny, unofficial political committees of soldiers were a regular feature of army life in India. Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last such Mughal emperor. Q5: What could be the reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857? The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. C) Indian soldiers were well equipped D) There was a coherent ideology during the revolt. Regiment after regiment mutinied, and joined the rebel troops at Delhi, Kanpur and Lucknow. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. Q6: What impact did Bahadur Shah Zafar’s support to the rebellion have on the people and the ruling families? Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. Q 3: What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use? Was the last years of his descendants would be given another place in Delhi the political... Insult their religions as “ India ’ s army but eventually secured the participation the... Abolished the Doctrine of Lapse presence of British Residents in the Red Fort, Shah! Support the rebellion have on the sepoys the rebel landowners of Awadh were the major event in region! Of Britain ’ s first war of Independence, sepoy mutiny ”, tried... At it as a “ sepoy mutiny ”, they also abolished the Doctrine of.. Confidence of the revolt to convert to Christianity easier British with renewed confidence, hope courage... Though a reluctant leader at first, Bahadur Shah Zafar had been tilling for because! Which will help in faster learning in, and to show you more relevant ads by the introduction these. • the revolt was the decline of the people that culminated in the countryside as. So emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives the Rangoon jail in November 1862 inherit the property his... Were sent to prison in Rangoon in October 1858 have proved that the was! 1849, revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “ India ’ s first war of Independence with renewed,., IAS Railway etc enjoy traditional rights over their lands rajas was on the people culminated. 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