Create a higher tone in the reeds 'crow' Making the wire rounder by squeezing the sides of the reed, where the wire is, will: Open the tip of the reed Makes the reed flatter in pitch Place the second wire 8 mm below the first. Wrap the reed with yarn, and apply a gleaming coat of adhesive or nail varnish top coat to prevent fraying. Bassoon reeds are not as thin as oboe reeds, so the likelyhood of breaking them is a lot lower. You may be surprised and the reed may play at this point. This may be enough to get a reed to play if it was close to playing before. The cane will be the inconsistent part of the process because all cane is different. Make sure to wrap this very tightly- it will prevent cracking later. He especially wanted to show me, a bassoonist, his reed-making machines for bassoon. x��ێ����)Zf�=}����v�@A�����}�^��ae�֎� �>)��9��� �4�Uſ,�9�S�U�SY7U��;ڶ�������r7��n�o�7�_����]����m��Ɔ��C}����n��=tmq�����I�U}��-/_��^^�e]^>-7�Ey�c��K�͔��};席��n(/����g���ط��O&msQ6����EaOn��@������Ó�}�r��h��o��p�0)��g��������K�((���g�w��=�Ԯ�V�a�A��b�氯��ݕþ�}�F�U{z���b��7Yk�n�]�|���߬��)f�UC_5�cu��n1�}�`�x�q��3�m��:�潈y��6þ:��)G���Ι�6�11߳������2�Ea���E��5�#��ߞ�Y�hͣ�Xل�]Su�������R���!䒡�}�+$������fo�edRP����M�\:i�o5;sy[u>Ul+���n��k-� }�^l^�����\ڴ�F���>�w. This blog post is provided courtesy of Womble/Williams Double Reeds (WWDR). After all, without a reed the bassoon doesn’t make a sound. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. Consistency is the thing that we all strive for when working on reeds. Find a good source of cane and stick with it until you feel confident to try something new. Fold the reed in half; make sure the collar lines up on both sides of the reed. A sharp reed that is hard to blow on may improve dramatically using this procedure. This can be accomplished by doing some or all of the following. 4 0 obj The top half of the reed controls the “sound” of the reed. The reed has two tapers from back to front and from center to sides. Most of my work in the heart is done with sand paper where I can gradually thin the area and tip of the reed in one procedure. This gives you a reed with collapsed sides and this has the effect of dramatically narrowing the reed. Scraping this area is safer and gives better results than scraping the sides or the center because it avoids both the heart and fragile sides of the reed. Work slowly and try not to get frustrated. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. The main advantage of this is that you are not taking cane off the reed and you can restore the reed back to its previous condition by rounding back the wires if necessary. Retighten all wires and wrap reed. Bassoon and oboe reeds are finished when the reeds play in tune or can make a sufficient "crow"-like noise. The second and third of these notes are the above-mentioned E natural and C sharp. I used Jone’s profiled cane for many years and I can still get good results with this cane. 2) Use sandpaper (#220 garnet paper) or light scrape with knife over entire lay periodically to re-open pores and lighten response and tone. The simplest solution is to have a student study with a private bassoon teacher and have them make and adjust reeds, but sometimes that just isn't an option. This can be done by using a knife and cutting block, end nippers, or special tools made for this purpose. %��������� An equaling file can be used to take cane off the strong side of the reed in the back at this point to try to even up the sides. Tighten all wires and let blank dry a minimum of one day. Place the first wire on the reed 26 mm from the butt side. Squeezing the second wire from the sides will raise the pitch of the reed and make it darker in sound by damping its vibrations. The alignment and covering of tone holes is very precise on the bassoon. You can’t have success on the bassoon without having a good reed to play on. When thinning the tip of the reed with a knife, always scrape towards the middle of the reed. A reed that plays flat needs to be made harder by shortening the tip, narrowing the shape, rounding the wires, reaming or tightening the wires. Fasten the base with wire to hold it in a cylindrical shape. The price varies depending on the exchange rate with the Euro, but they are in the $45-60 range. The easiest way to flatten the pitch in a reed is to flatten the first two wires of the reed, top to bottom, with your fingers or reed pliers. www.caylabellamy.com+ If!there!is!nothing!visibly!wrong!with!yourreed!but!you!are!not!happy!with!the!sound!it!is! Snip off the very corners of the reed. This will make it more flexible and less likely to split. Beginning reed makers tend to scrape the sides of the reed, especially at the tip, excessively. I play bassoon in my school band and I believe I need to begin making my own reeds. It is known for its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character, and agility. I like to do the bulk of my scraping in the channels of the reed, the areas between the center of the reed and sides. Cut the buckle off the belt. Tightly wrap the blank with string from the bottom of the reed to just above the first wire. I then place my knife flat on the lay of the reed and cut back towards the score marks, trying not to cut down into the cane, keeping the front back taper as on the opposite side. The back half of the reed controls the blowing qualities of the reed. Another way to check this note is to play the E flat with this simple fingering pp and then add the second finger right hand and B flat key to see if the added fingers flatten the note to its true pitch. Create a lower tone in the reeds 'crow'. A good reed must play in tune, respond and lastly have a good sound, it that order!! If you have problems playing sharp go to a wider shape or longer reed. The full reed making kit is great for bassoonists who want to learn to make reeds from sc Make sure to push straight into the reed and DO NOT rotate while inserting. If the reed is out of adjustment-- wrong shape, too stiff, too soft, too closed, too open, imperfectly profiled -- playing the bassoon can be a miserable and embarassing experience. Cutting off the tip of the reed, narrowing the shape of the reed, rounding the wires and/or checking that the reed is reamed so that it goes on to the bocal the normal distance. 2. The sound of the reed will darken as the sides are thinned in relation to the center. As demonstrated in Glickman/Popkin’s “Bassoon Reed Making” pg. I'll have plenty of time to learn with summer coming up in 2 weeks. Any serious student of the bassoon will end up biting the bullet and deciding to learn to make his or her own reeds. Make a pencil mark at that point and snip off the excess with some scissors, or with your knife on a cutting block. If you want to make your reed more vibrant and the tip opening is already adequate, you may have to close the first wire top to bottom to a usable opening after you free it up by squeezing the second wire top to bottom. For more information about Robert Williams, retired principal bassoonist for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO), please check out his. I use a diamond triangle file for taking cane out of the back of the reed. I take my knife and score a line where I want my collar to be, about 1mm in front of the first wire. Scraping the first 1 to 2 mm of the tip is fairly safe but much farther back in the heart of the reed will adversely affect the reed unless it is very thick and fails the E flat test mentioned earlier. The reed adjusting kit is designed for the bassoonist who is interested in learning how to make their bassoon reeds better by adjusting them. Tighten all wires and let blank dry a minimum of one day. For oboe students, I begin with teaching students to hold the reed knife (don't worry, it's a scraping knife, not a slicing one - there will be no injuries! Oct 23, 2019 - Explore Donna Foley's board "Bassoon Reeds" on Pinterest. The critical notes for checking a flat reed are E and C# in the staff. The critical note for checking a sharp reed is simple Eb in the staff. %PDF-1.3 All 4 of the band directors are impressed and don't believe I need a private instructor, that I do not have time, or funds, for anyway. A fairly safe way to thin the very tip of the reed is to use a sapphire fingernail file, cutting straight up and down with the grain right on the tip of the reed. See more ideas about bassoon, bassoon reeds, bassoons. This will help keep the cane from tearing at the tip. The file/sandpaper is less discriminatory and will take cane out of a larger area. Measure from the bottom of the wire, not from the center. (Bassoon Outreach to Support Students). Proudly created with Wix.com. If the reed at this point is hard to blow on and seems sharp you will need to flatten the wires or trim cane from it. If these notes are unstable and tend to drop dramatically in pitch, especially when making a crescendo and strong accents, the reed needs to be strengthened. I have taught myself everything I know. Scraping the channels straight down to the tip is another “safe” way of thinning the tip. Try to avoid making the back of the reed thinner then the area in front. The bassoon machines are a cane guillotine, hand-crank pre-gouger, gouger, profiler, and tip profiler. This way, after trimming a dozen reeds or so you get the feel of the reed and know where to do the bulk of your scraping to get the results that you want. Remember that cane is much less likely to crack when wet and all work done on the reed with the exception of reaming should be done with the reed moist. Let blank rest for a couple of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm from first wire. Hold the twine as shown (left) and wrap all the way up and all the way back down the body of the reed. ). ©2020 by B.O.S.S. In a properly constructed reed the wires provide great latitude of adjustments in the sound and response of the reed. Opening the tip of reed by squeezing the second wire top to bottom accomplishes two things. Soak the reed for a few minutes in water. Score the cane on the outside from where the second wire will be to the back of the cane on both sides. A very good test of this note is to slur from the E just above pp to the E flat to see if you get a true half step change in pitch. Making’Bassoon’Reeds’’ (Eryn&OftStyle,&using&Rieger&1A&shape&GSP&cane)& & Hand/Gouge,’Fold,’and’Bevel:’ & 1. IF you rotate this will cause the blades to slip and change the end result. I believe that scraping in the channels gives you a more vibrant reed without getting an excessively bright sound. Push the reed as far is it will go onto the forming mandrel (3-5mm past the 1st line if your mandrel has lines, or until the back ends of cane begin to separate). Learn about topics such as How to Play the Bassoon, How to Make Bassoon Reeds, and more with our helpful step-by-step instructions with photos and videos. Instructions for how to make your own Bassoon reed! Making bassoon reeds really IS easy. Leaving personal sound preferences aside, a good reed will be well-balanced – in order to play and vibrate properly, it should be evenly scraped and symmetrical in shape and thickness in … For that reason, it can be beneficial to take time over the selection of reeds and bocals, in order to produce the best sound. A bright flat reed can be improved using this procedure. 8. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Fiddly, yes, but difficult - no. If your bassoon didn't come with a seat strap, you can either buy one or make one using an old belt. Try reed and trim as necessary. Soak your blank for a few minutes then remove it from the water. A reed that plays sharp is too hard and needs to be trimmed by either flattening the wires or scraping the channels as necessary to get the reed to play. You must remove the plaque from your reed to perform this procedure. This cleans off the "surface scum" that collects with use and lengthens the life of the reed. Try to stay with consistent cane when starting out. Taking your thumb and pressing on the end of the reed on both sides is one way to try to judge this. First soak the reed thoroughly (for at least 5 minutes) from the tip down to the second wire (the lower wire next to the binding). Forming Bassoon Reeds with WW Profiled Bassoon Cane Womble/Williams profiled bassoon cane can give you excellent resul Cut the tip of the reed, insert a plaque between the two sides to … Soak the cane in warm water a minimum of 30 minutes. The reed will play flatter in pitch and gain resonance. Scrape and file it down gradually, remembering to always cut towards the center and avoid getting the sides too thin. Place your ruler against the bottom of the reed and measure a total length of 55mm. Another option is to purchase "store-bought reeds" and learn how to adjust them so that they are more playable. The reed ends up with a heavy center and becomes a reed that tends to play sharp and ugly if it plays at all. I like my tip opening to be around of an inch or 1.5mm. The sides should be of even strength and close together a little at a time from the sides to the middle, not all at once. This is also measured from the sides of the two wires, not from the center. The knife does the bulk of the work and the file/sandpaper smoothes out the knife marks. 4. If a reed balks on attacks, is hard to control in soft dynamics, scraping the back half will help. They aren’t essential for reed adjusting, but they make reed making a lot nicer. For more information about supplies and equipment mentioned in these instructions, please visit WWDR's website for more info. Tightening the wire will: Dampen the reeds vibrations. When you use cane from different sources, the gouge and profile may be quite different and it takes time again to figure out what to do to get your reeds to work. 8. Every bassoon player knows just how important a good bassoon reed is. The easiest way is to buy reed blanks (available for $10-$15 each) from online vendors such as forrestsmusic.com or charlesmusic.com. Create a higher tone in the reeds 'crow'. This helps keep the cutting surface of the file from being clogged with sawdust and is a much more efficient way to cut cane using a file. If you want to get the very best pair of bassoon pliers available, then get the Rieger bassoon pliers. 3. While the blank is dry, ream the reed blank so that the reed will go on to your bocal the recommended distance, usually around 1/4 inch (7mm). Loosening the wire will: Allow the reed to vibrate more. 15:54 on Saturday, March 7, 2009 carlaxxbassoon (1 point) Posted by carlaxxbassoon. I alternate using my knife with a file or sand paper when scraping the reed. The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon figures prominently in orchestral, concert band, and chamber music literature. https://youtu.be/tedyQfIA5II. Briefly, bassoon reeds are made from a single piece of cane, scraped and folded over and bound at the butt end. I start my tip at 31mm from the first wire. Bend the wire until it is the shape of a hook. Reeds can be made with no collar at all or collars as much as a quarter of an inch in front of the first wire. 40, begin scoring 1 mm below the collar, being sure to cut all the way through the cane by the time the knife reaches the butt. Overall instrument is important, but they are more playable too complex, so the likelyhood breaking!, end nippers, or with your knife on a cutting block into water before cutting on the of... 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Holes is very precise on the end result show you the steps are too many and too complex, you... A bright flat reed harder by scraping the back of the bassoon machines are a cane guillotine, hand-crank,. Make the same number of scrapes with your knife or file on each of the reed and bocal a...