The sub-umbellate inflorescences are borne at the end of long stems, having numerous bright red flowers, which are radially symmetric with inferior ovaries. Some genera are used as ornamental garden plants in temperate regions (e.g. Aloe). Species listed under Asparagales. The earlier 2003 version, APG II, allowed 'bracketed' families, i.e. names in breadcrumbs. Based on phylogenetic research, the 2009 revision of the APG classification grouped together the former families Hemerocallidaceae, Xanthorrhoeaceae sensu stricto and Asphodelaceae sensu stricto as the Xanthorrhoeaceae. They often have large, succulent leaves in rosettes, either at the base or at the end of the branches. The agave subfamily, Agavoideae, of the Asparagaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, under a variety of names, including Agavaceae. azərbaycanca: Quşqonmazçiçəklilər. Many species in the iris family have a great economic importance in ornamental horticulture and the cut flower industry, especially Gladiolus, Freesia, Sparaxis, Iris, Tigridia (tiger lily), Ixia (corn lily), Romulea, Neomarica, Moraea (butterfly lily), Nemastylis, Belamcanda, Sisyrinchium (blue-eyed grass), Crocosmia and Trimezia. Almost all species have a tight cluster of leaves (a rosette), either at the base of the plant or at the end of a more-or-less woody stem; the leaves are less often produced along the stem. Hosta) and as house plants (e.g. Two of the genera, Hemerocallis (day lily) and Phormium (New Zealand flax), are grown as ornamentals worldwide. The group includes from 770 to 1,000 species, distributed predominantly in Mediterranean climates, especially South Africa, the Mediterranean to Central Asia and Burma, and South America. Class: Monocots. An unusual feature of the species is that the stem (scape) is actually the main photosynthetic organ, since the paper-like leaves at the base lack chlorophyll. The stamens are strongly exserted (i.e. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Asparagales. Asparagales. The spike-like inflorescence is erect and densely crowded with small flowers. The family includes a single genus, Ixiolirion, with four species distributed from Egypt to central Asia. Asparagales ( asparagoïde lelies) is een volgorde van planten in moderne classificatiesystemen zoals de Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) en het Angiosperm Phylogeny Web.De orde ontleent zijn naam aan het soort familie Asparagaceae en wordt geplaatst in de eenzaadlobbigen onder de lilioid eenzaadlobbigen.De bestelling is pas onlangs erkend in classificatiesystemen. Samen met de ordes Liliales en Poales vormen ze in de Europese flora de belangrijkste ordes van eenzaadlobbigen. onion, garlic, leek, asparagus, vanilla), as cut flowers (e.g. Ruscus (butcher's broom) has photosynthetic branches (phylloclades), similar to those of Asparagus (Asparagoideae); Dracaena draco has a tree-like habit resembling Yucca (Agavoideae) and Cordyline (Lomandroideae). In the narrowest definition, the Amaryllidaceae sensu stricto is characterized by an umbellate inflorescence with an inferior ovary. De Nederlandse naam voor deze orde is Aspergeorde. Orchidales Dumortier c 1829. As with the subfamily Agavoideae, the Nolinoideae contains genera previously classified in a number of different families (including Ruscaceae sensu stricto, Nolinaceae sensu stricto, Convallariaceae sensu stricto and Eriospermaceae sensu stricto). Species are used as food and flavourings (e.g. The Asphodelaceae, or asphodel family, has been recognized in some form by many taxonomists but the limits of the family have varied greatly. with a thickened trunk, usually wider at the base, which has a water storage function), by usually having succulent leaves, and by possessing a trimerous flower with a superior ovary and seeds with an aryl. Some are used as cut flowers. The greatest diversity occurs in South Africa, usually in arid habitats. They are herbs with corms and leaves which are sometimes stalked (petiolate) with wide blades. c including particular group. [5] With this circumscription, the order consists of 14 families (Dahlgren had 31)[6] with approximately 1120 genera and 26000 species.[1]. Two other groups have similar inflorescences but a superior ovary, and have at times been put into separate families: the Agapanthaceae and the Alliaceae. Asparagus species are usually dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. Dit betekent dat voor de families Alliaceae, Asparagaceae en Xanthorrhoeaceae ieder twee verschillende omschrijvingen toegestaan zijn. There are several examples of convergent evolution between species in this subfamily and those in other subfamilies of the Asparagaceae sensu lato. The leaves have entire margins but disintegrate into fibres at the apex. Members of the subfamily are found worldwide, in temperate, subtropical and tropical regions. A more or less typical monocotyledon, the species can be recognized by its shortly branched inflorescence covered with branched hairs (giving rise to the common name of Lamb's-tail). Asparagales (asparagoid lilies) is an order of plants in modern classification systems such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web. The seeds have conspicuous hairs. The APG III system is used in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families from the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew. The iris family contains about 70 genera and over 1,600 species with a worldwide distribution. The leaves are reduced to non-photosynthetic scales, with the phylloclades in their axils. A separate paper accompanying the publication of the 2009 APG III system provided subfamilies to accommodate the families which were discontinued. A number of genera, including Brodiaea and Triteleia, are grown as ornamental plants. While Smith remains the most common U.S. surname, for the first time, two Hispanic names—Garcia and Rodriguez—made the top 10. One of the defining characteristics of the order is the presence of phytomelan (phytomelanin), a black pigment present in the seed coat, creating a dark crust. Kingdom: Plantae. Asparagus officinalis is used as a vegetable, the young shoots being cut before they become woody. They are upright perennial herbs (to about 1.50 m), with distinctive leaves. Watsonia, Crocus, Dietes, Tritonia, Hesperantha and Neomarica). The confidence with which the status of the 11,849 species names recorded in The Plant List for the family Asparagaceae, are assigned as follows: There are large bracts at the base of the inflorescence. Classification. Succulent genera occur in several families (e.g. The Common Name must be the same as the Web address you will be accessing when connecting to a secure site. Plants do not have the characteristic garlic odor of the allium subfamily (Allioideae). The three sepals are generally colourful and bright (which is why they are sometimes called outer tepals), with one on each side ("lateral sepals") and one usually at the top of the flower ("dorsal sepal"), sometimes forming a hood. families which could either be segregated from more comprehensive families or could be included in them. Een orde onder deze naam werd niet erkend in het Cronquist systeem , maar wel in het APG-systeem , het APG II-systeem en het APG III-systeem . Agapanthus, native to South Africa, is the sole genus of the subfamily. If you are registered user, you can add names or synonyms for this taxon, either scientific or vernacular. Asparagales ( asparagoid lilies) is an order of plants in modern classification systems such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web. Common Name (CN) Tijdens het aanmaken van een Certificate Signing Request (CSR) wordt er gevraagd naar de Domeinnaam of Common Name . The flowers are solitary or, more frequently, arranged in umbellate inflorescences at the end of a stem (scape). They are herbs with corms and an inflorescence forming a cluster. Asparagales is de botanische naam van een orde van eenzaadlobbige planten. The inflorescence is crowded with quite large, radial symmetrical flowers, which face upwards. They are herbaceous perennials, usually with bulbs, although in some cases they have short rhizomes. The order has only recently been recognized in classification systems. [10][11][12] Moraea and Homeria are two genera of poisonous plants which are a problem in sheep and cattle producing regions, notably in South Africa.[10]. When broadly defined, the group contains some 26 genera and almost 500 species, distributed mainly in the temperate to tropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Dit is een wijziging ten opzichte van het APG-systeem (1998), waar de samenstelling de volgende was: https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asparagales&oldid=56720930, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. [7] The first APG system of 1998 contained some extra families, included in square brackets in the list above. Characteristics of the subfamily include: flowers with six tepals and six stamens, typically arranged in a raceme; a superior ovary; growing from bulbs; rather fleshy mucilaginous leaves in a basal rosette. The orchid family is one of the two largest families of angiosperms (the other is Asteraceae). Er zijn geen eenvoudig herkenbare eigenschappen. There are some 190-230 species of orchid bees and they pollinate perhaps up to 25% of tropical American Orchidaceae, hence their common name, orchid bees. The ovary is inferior with often a thin tubular portion at its apex formed by joined tepals or the tip of the ovary. The two species of Doryanthes, the only genus of the family, are huge rosette-forming herbs that are a conspicuous element of the flora in the vicinity of Sydney, being hard not to notice when in flower. Samen met de ordes Liliales en Poales vormen ze in de Europese flora de belangrijkste ordes van eenzaadlobbigen. [9] The families included in the circumscriptions of the order in these are wrong info. The scilla subfamily, Scilloideae, of the Asparagaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, under the name Hyacinthaceae. The three petals (or inner tepals), also showy, are located alternately between the sepals, two at the side and one usually at the bottom of the flower. Plants lack the "garlic odor" typical of the allium subfamily, and have a fibrous corm rather than a bulb. Other species are used as house plants and as greenery in the cut flower trade. The Asphodeloideae, or asphodel, subfamily of the Xanthorrhoeaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, the Asphodelaceae. Two older systems which use the order Asparagales are the Dahlgren system[8] and the Kubitzki system. For example, "aloin" is derived from Aloe vera and Aloe ferox and has important medical uses (e.g. In fact, data from a Census Bureau study reveals that the number of Hispanic surnames in the top 25 doubled between 1990 and 2000. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. South west North America, including Mexico, is an area of particular diversity. The flowers have tepals that open outwards. The best known genus is Cordyline. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. An Asparagales in uska ordo han Liliopsida. The fruit is a small red berry, which is poisonous to humans. [7] This division has been used here. collect. The subfamily is of considerable economic importance, being grown as vegetables and seasoning, medicinal plants and ornamentals. There are few morphological features separating the subfamily from other groups within the Asparagaceae sensu lato. The Asteliaceae is a family of two to four genera of plants found in the Southern Hemisphere. This page is a gallery of featured pictures that the community has chosen to be highlighted as some of the finest on Commons. Consensus Management Hierarchy for the ITIS & Species2000 Catalogue of Life. The individual flowers are small, with tepals joined at the base. Systematik. Most web browsers display a warning message when connecting to an address that does not match the common name … overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. The anthers open by pores. The flower is typically somewhat zygomorphic (i.e. The subfamily includes 59 genera and approximately 800 species from temperate and tropical regions worldwide. Stevens notes "The broad concept of Agavoideae adopted here may not seem very satisfactory, but I fear that none of the alternative solutions is much better ...". The lower petal is referred to as the "labellum" or "lip", and is usually distinctively different from the side petals. The Xanthorrhoeoideae, or grasstree, subfamily of the Xanthorrhoeaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, the Xanthorrhoeaceae sensu stricto. Many spring- and summer-flowering bulbs grown in gardens in temperate climates belong to this subfamily, including genera such as Scilla (squill), Muscari (grape hyacinth), Hyacinthus (hyacinths),Chionodoxa (glory of the snow) and Galtonia (summer hyacinth). Plants are superficially similar to those of the allium subfamily, being perennial herbs with an umbellate inflorescence made up of quite small flowers. The Hemerocallidoideae, or day lily, subfamily of the Xanthorrhoeaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, the Hemerocallidaceae. The photosynthetic organs of Asparagus have been the subject of some controversy; however, most authors consider them to be flattened stems rather than leaves (phylloclades). The tepals are more or less joined at the base, sometimes with a corona (a structure like the trumpet of a daffodil). The ovary is superior. Great Plains Yucca (Yucca glauca) Ti Plant (Cordyline fruticosa) Malayan Ground Orchid (Spathoglottis plicata) Common Name: Great Plains Yucca. Individual flowers have jointed pedicels and tepals forming a tubular shape. Blandfordia is the only genus in the family Blandfordiaceae, with four species distributed in eastern Australia. Asparagales Bromhead. It comprises a single species, Aphyllanthes monspeliensis, found in arid areas of the western Mediterranean. The subfamily contains only two genera, one, Asparagus, with around 150–300 species distributed throughout the Old World and a small area of Australia, the other, Hemiphylacus, with only five species, found in Mexico. Many species currently assigned to this group have been placed in other groups at different times. Aan het gedeelte Common Name en SAN kan je zien of de juiste domeinen en IP-adressen zijn opgenomen. It includes perennial herbaceous plants which are glabrous and have short rhizomes with fibrous roots or are rhizomatous with root tubers. in skin and hair products). Asparagales is de botanische naam van een orde van eenzaadlobbige planten. The nine genera are found in Chile, the United States and Africa. Family: Asparagaceae. Phylum: Magnoliophyta. Entries using missing taxonomic name (family) Entries using missing taxonomic name (subfamily) Navigation menu. [15] The family also has important ornamentals, mainly from the dominant genus Allium, but also including genera such as Ipheion. The subfamily can be easily recognized by its characteristic smell (the smell of garlic and onions, singular enough to be called "garlic odour"), by the very soft, fleshy leaves and the umbel-like inflorescence at the end of a stem (scape), which has small to medium flowers with a superior ovary. ... America's Most Common Tree Frog Asparagales is the name o an order o plants, uised in modren classification seestems such as the APG III seestem (which is uised throughoot this airticle). orde Asparagales. The subfamily Lomandroideae of the Asparagaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, Laxmanniaceae. Many other genera, both perennials and bulbs, are grown in gardens in tropical and temperate regions (e.g. The Common Name (AKA CN) represents the server name protected by the SSL certificate.The certificate is valid only if the request hostname matches the certificate common name. Thus although most species in the order are herbaceous, some no more than 15 cm high, there are a number of climbers (e.g., some species of Asparagus), as well as several genera forming trees (e.g. Order: Asparagales. They are more or less rhizomatous, with spiral leaves and an inflorescence that may form a raceme or a spike. Missouri Botanical Garden. Chlorophytum). Oregon drops of gold bluebead bride's bonnet clintonia curculigo drops of gold fairybells false lily of the vally false spikenard lily ... common name: angiosperms, flowering plants Subdivisio Magnoliophytina Frohne & U. Jensen ex Reveal pub. The name 'Alliaceae' has also been used for the expanded family comprising the Alliaceae, The name Xanthorrhoeaceae has priority as of June 2016, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTropicos2015 (, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "An Attempt to ascertain Characters of the Botanical Alliances", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Families_of_Asparagales&oldid=991189638, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Taxobox articles possibly missing a taxonbar, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Not in Asparagales (family Dasypogonaceae, unplaced as to order, clade commelinids), Not in Asparagales (family Alstroemeriaceae, order Liliales), Not in Asparagales (family Philesiaceae, order Liliales), This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:27. Asparagales. The flowers are quite large, blue or white, forming an umbel at the end of a stem (scape) which is longer than the leaves. 17 Dec 2020 The stamens are strongly dimorphic. De Common Name wordt ook wel Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) genoemd. Learn more about the taxonomy, … De indeling volgens het APG III-systeem (2009) is als volgt: Hierbij zijn de families tussen "[+ ... ]" optioneel: deze families kunnen al dan niet afgesplitst worden van de voorgaande familie. Proposed subgroups are difficult to recognise, having similar 'lily-like' flowers, with the result that some members of the group have been included in different subgroups at different times. Asparagales : Source: ITIS & Species 2000 Catalogue of Life Management Hierarchy, 2014, document (version Plantae) Acquired: 2014 : Notes: M. Ruggiero & D. Gordon, eds. Plants are adapted to bush fires, which can stimulate flowering. The family is still poorly known. APG III does not allow bracketed families, requiring the use of the more comprehensive family; otherwise the circumscription of the Asparagales is unchanged. porrum), and various flavourings such as chives (Allium schoenoprasum). Many species of Aloe are used medicinally and in cosmetics. български: зайчесянкоцветни. Order recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Bij de Asparagales komen parasiterende planten voor, bij de Liliales niet. They are set apart from the amaryllis subfamily (Amaryllidoideae) by their superior ovary, the presence of saponins and the absence of the alkaloids typical of amaryllids. [4] A paper published at the same time as the 2009 classification proposed seven subfamilies for the families recognized in the very first APG classification of 1998. Asparagales Name Homonyms Asparagales Common names Aspargesordenen in Danish Spargelartige in German aspargesordenen in Nynorsk, Norwegian aspargesordenen in Norwegian Bokmål sparrisordningen in Swedish Bibliographic References. incl. as a laxative and in the treatment of burns) as well as cosmetic uses (e.g. Of these names, 203 are recorded as invalid; 441 are recorded as illegitimate; 9 are recorded as a spelling variant; A further 10 name records indicate where names have been misapplied.. Asparagales (asparagoid lilies) is an order of plants in modern classification systems such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web.The order takes its name from the type family Asparagaceae and is placed in the monocots amongst the lilioid monocots.The order has only recently been recognized in classification systems. They are commonly called "Christmas Bells", because of the shape of their flowers and their flowering time, which coincides with Christmas in Australia. беларуская: Спаржакветныя. The small flowers are radially symmetrical, with six tepals, usually joined at the base, six stamens and a superior ovary. Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'Asparagales'] العربية: هليونيات. Agave, Cordyline, Yucca, Dracaena), some of which can exceed 10 m in height. Names (not confirmed) - 14. Many species have an erect woody stem which is covered with persistent dried leaves unless there have been fires, topped by a crown of long thin leaves. The genus Cyanastrum is sometimes placed in its own family Cyanastraceae. The subfamily Aphyllanthoideae of the Asparagaceae sensu lato is treated in some systems as a separate family, the Aphyllanthaceae. Other genera are used as ornamental plants, both succulents such as Aloe, Haworthia and Gasteria and perennials such as Kniphofia, Asphodelus and Bulbine. day lilies, lily of the valley, Agapanthus). As with the subfamily Agavoideae, the Nolinoideae contains genera previously classified in a number of different families (including Ruscaceae sensu stricto , Nolinaceae sensu stricto , Convallariaceae sensu stricto and Eriospermaceae sensu … Southern Hemisphere the greatest diversity occurs in South Africa an inflorescence forming a.! The base the list above van eenzaadlobbige planten surname, for the ITIS & Catalogue. De common name must be the same as the web address you will be when! Numbers of orchids are among the most complex and asparagales common name of all the angiosperms taxon. Freesia, gladiolus, iris, orchids ), and various flavourings such as the Joshua Tree a! Robust herbaceous perennials with short rhizomes face upwards ToL branch page provides a of! 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