16 This implies a considerable divergence to the south from the “Royal road,” for which see Hdt. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Demaratus explains the Spartan military code: no retreat (104). Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. 61 Not all the inhabitants of Thessaly, here, but the tribe of that name which had settled in the Peneus valley and given its name to the surrounding peoples. The bridges over the Hellespont are begun, then ruined by a storm (33-34). 81 Most Greek populations had traditionally immigrated into their present localities from elsewhere; but the Athenians had no such tradition; their writers often dwell on the fact with pride. 103 In the space between the eastern and western narrow ἔσοδοι. Under the terms of the treaty Andrew Jackson signed with the Creek Indians, for example, individual Indians were allowed to own property. 1.146; Hdt. Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). 34 Not mentioned in the list of Darius subjects in Hdt. With Joshua through Esther, we come to the second group of twelve books that deals with the history of the nation of Israel. The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). His invasion of Egypt leads Hdt. 1920. Histories Summary and Study Guide. The Greek fleet, encouraged, resumes its station at Artemisium. the following chapter, and Hdt. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in 1984, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Further Reading A Note on the Text Maps. Hide browse bar Gelon's brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela. 68 Silver, lead, and perhaps copper mines in Attica, from which the state drew an annual revenue. Od. 8 i.e. Perseus provides credit for all accepted Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Of course if ἐπιλεξάμενος could mean “selecting from,” the difficulty might be removed; but I do not think it can. Ephialtes of Malis turns traitor, and shows Xerxes a secret path around Thermopylae. 7.20; see the note there. And you may consider this statement to be valid for my entire work. How the Argives were instructed by the oracle to stay out of the war; their condition for participating: 30 years' truce with Sparta, and joint command of the allied forces (148). The Liberation Trilogy by Rick Atkinson. No other translation of this sentence than what I have given is possible; but if “all of whom had sons” are added to the 300, this is inconsistent with the received tradition that there were only 300 Spartans at Thermopylae. The speech of Mardonius in support of invasion cites Greek weaknesses: racial inferiority of Greeks is shown by prior subjugation of Ionians; inability of Greeks to cooperate with each other; lack of strategic skill in choosing battle sites (9). The Aftermath of Thermopylae. Thermopylae means “the Hot Gates”, from the warm springs there. Death of Hippocrates. 19 The Lycus here flows in a narrow gorge, but there is no indication of its ever having flowed underground, except for a few yards. The Persians are urged to invade by the Thessalian kings and the (now exiled) Pisistratids. Much as I appreciate the tremendous value of the Wordsworth Classics, my copy is now in rather a sad state. The Ligyes are Ligureians, the Cyrnians Corsicans; the Elisyci an Iberian people living on the coast between the Pyrenees and the Rhone. Cross-references in notes to this page The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). dwellers around: neighboring tribes forming a league, and sending representatives (Pylagori) to a conference held twice a year. The passage of the fleet through the canal at Athos and on to the rendez-vous at Therma (122-23). See How and Wells, ad loc. A second more favorable oracle mentions the "wooden wall" (141). 115 Leonidas' body was brought to Sparta and there buried in 440; a column was erected on his grave bearing the names of the three hundred, which Herodotus probably saw. 7 After this the remaining twelve vessels of the Corinthians, Ambraciots, and Leucadians sailed into the harbour under the command of Erasinides, a Corinthian, having eluded the Athenian ships on guard, and helped the Syracusans in completing the remainder of the cross wall. On the day they are in the market, Mobutu, who has run away and is in hiding, dies. Edessa was the chief town. Most historians think the real total was at the most 200,000. It is a turning point in the Congo's history. Another version of the Argive rôle: some say Argos had a prior mutual non-aggression pact with Xerxes on the basis of shared ancestry through Perseus & Andromeda. He explains who is powerful in Asia Minor, including Candaules, Gyges, Alyattes, and Croesus, among others. the line of ships supporting the cables. 92 Commonly used for mummy-wrappings in Egypt; cp. Pythius asks Xerxes to allow his eldest son to stay home from the war (38). Hdt. But it is strange that Perseus, being commonly held great-grandfather of Heracles, is here made to marry the granddaughter of Belus, who in Hdt. The dream recurs, and threatens Xerxes with ruin unless he invades Greece (14). Bizarre omens at the crossing are ignored by Xerxes (57). Bridges and supply dumps (25). One Mascames is appointed governor of Doriscus; the army advances through Thrace (105). 89 - Phoenicians and Egyptians; 90 - Cyprians; 91 - Cilicians and Pamphylians; 92 - Lycians; 93 - Asiatic Dorians; 94 - Ionians; 95 - Aeolians. The advance to Acanthus and the recruitment of locals (115-116). In response to the objections of the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers to command only the navy (159-60). 73 The general idea,—rather obscurely expressed,—seems to be that some who judge the Argives harshly have really just as many κακά and αἰσχρά (which Herodotus appears to confuse) of their own. Od. The Subject-Matter of The Histories 3. Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). ("Agamemnon", "Hom. The story of king Croesus (1.1-1.94) Map of the Aegean world in c.480 BCE. Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). Herodotus' sources and Metho Histories 4. 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. The march continues through Thrace into Macedonia and up to the river Strymon (112-13). The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 716 pages and is available in Paperback format. Leonidas' rearguard troops, the Phocians, are driven off by the Persians under Hydarnes (218). Debate at Athens over whether "wooden wall" means the Acropolis or the ships (142). Another dream portends world domination by Xerxes. The admirals and other naval champions. Numbers of the Persian ships (1207) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 (184). bridge were ἐπικαρσίαι, and those of the lower or S.W. Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text. These accounts claim the conflict began due to a series of abductions of notable women. 32 Herodotus is always prone to base ethnological conclusions on Greek legends and the similarity of names; so in the next chapter Medea supplies the name of the Medes. What strategy should Xerxes adopt (234)? Summary Herodotus opens by stating he wishes to record the deeds of the past, and that he wants to show how the war between the Greeks and Persians began. 100 Tidal movement is rare in the Mediterranean. Can't recommend enough! But there is a strong ebb and flood in the Euripus, which is not far from the Malian gulf. Another marine fights fiercely and becomes a respected P.O.W. line to jump to another position: 3 Some take the Greek to mean “this argument was his helper”; but the statement seems rather pointless. Structure and Themes in The Histories 5. The fleet is instructed to wait at Artemisium. 36 That is, the ends of the bow when unstrung curved upwards, against the natural curve of the whole; which would of course increase its power. Demaratus, the exiled king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes that the Spartans are preparing to fight and die. Click anywhere in the 7.112 Xerxes was marching along the coast; here he is far inland. The passage of the army through Chalcidice; the fabulous attack of the lions on the camels (124-26). Knowledge of other routes south available to the Persians was decisive, in Hdt. Persian troubles with a sunken reef (183). Total cavalry said to number 80,000 (87). 5.97) ten drachmae per head would be only 50 talents; far too small a sum for the building of 200 ships; Herodotus cannot mean more than that the Laurium money was a contribution towards a ship-building fund. 2 people found this helpful. The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly (196). Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. Details of the construction of the bridges (36). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean (197). The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). Remarks on slander. The quarrel over succession by two of Darius' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes (2). Some of the Greeks flee; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas, except for his own Spartans. Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). Then he details a specific story about Candaules. The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in the history of the United States.. Fast Facts. One of Western history’s greatest books springs to life in Tom Holland’s vibrant new translation Herodotus of Halicarnassus—who was hailed by Cicero as “the father of history”—wrote his histories around 440 BC. ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. Two Spartans, Eurytus and Aristodemus, were in sick bay at battle time; Eurytus rushes into battle and dies, but Aristodemus returns to Sparta in disgrace (229-31). (1): Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page Reviewed in the United States on November 24, 2019. 53 In Hdt. Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document. 44 Agenor appears to represent the Phoenician Baal. 96 More probably, the name (from ἀφίημι, to send off or launch) gave rise to the legend. 7.220, where Herodotus mentioned the bare fact of the Spartans getting early intelligence of Xerxes' plans against Greece. 17 The legend of the contest between Marsyas the flute-player and Apollo the lyre-player seems to indicate a change in the national music, the importance of which was more easily understood by a Greek than it is by us. For more information visit: www.romanroadsmedia.com. The Thracian tribes who joined Xerxes; the Satrae, who resisted him, and their habitation (110-11). Artabanus, in Xerxes' bed, has the same dream; he is converted by the dream and joins the war party (17-18). Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. 15 λευκόλινον is apparently not really flax but “Esparto grass,” imported from Spain by the Phoenicians. Totalitarianism and Communism. 46 Herodotus generally uses the name “Pelasgian” for the oldest known population of Greece: cp. Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). 49 This no doubt alludes to the double portion given to a Spartan king at feasts; cp. The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, supports the claim of Xerxes; Darius agrees. Homer is cited in justification (161). But Herodotus is mistaken in making the ἄνω ὁδός alone reach Gonnus; the Tempe route would have done the same. Demaratus advises Xerxes to open a second front against the Spartans from an island base off the coast of Laconia; this will keep them from fighting further north (235). How Leonidas got to be king of Sparta on his brothers' deaths. 112 Plutarch in his life of Cato (13) describes the difficulty which troops under Cato's command encountered in trying to follow it. There seems to be no explanation of the matter except Dr. Macan's theory that Herodotus made a mistake. line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text, http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0016.tlg001.perseus-eng1:7, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0016.tlg001.perseus-eng1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0016.tlg001, http://data.perseus.org/catalog/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0016.tlg001.perseus-eng1. The right quotient is 110,067.083. A local man impiously likens Xerxes to Zeus (56). Rivers are drunk dry by his troops (20-21). 41 That is, native leaders, not the regular officers of the army. Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). 101 This must be a measure not of length but of superficial extent: more than 5000 acres. 3; they lived on the S.E. 1984: Book 1, Chapter 7 Summary & Analysis Next. 20 Between the modern bays of Zemenik (Sestos) and Kilia: some four miles broad. Hdt. Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). Xerxes here turns south to avoid the difficult route through the Hermes valley, probably; cp. Verified Purchase. The Season: A Social History of the Debutante When Consuelo Vanderbilt of the wealthy American Vanderbilt family married the Duke of Marlborough in 1895, she … Histories Book 4 Summary & Analysis. Hdt. 1.181, where the wall of Babylon is called a θώρηξ. A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). 109 For which see below, Hdt. 38 This tends to support a reversal of Herodotus account of racial migration in Hdt. The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). (1.1–5) How the Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians at Thermopylae (233). coast of the Caspian. Why Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius' heralds to them had been executed (133). 5,280,000 divided by 48 produces 110,000; 3220 divided by 48 leaves a dividend, after the first stage of division, of 340, and this for some unexplained reason Herodotus has added to the quotient. Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). Exhortations of Xerxes to the Persian commanders (53). thinks they expected Persian victory and stayed away deliberately (167-68). 7.215, 216. Hdt. 60 As a matter of fact the Thessalians had determined on their policy very recently indeed; but Xerxes apparently supposes that they had resolved to join him from the first. The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). How and Wells, ad loc. It may be remembered that Herodotus probably deals with Egyptian chronology in the same way, making a sequence out of lists of kings some of whom were contemporaries. 2.171. Human sacrifice by inhumation at the city of Nine Ways (Amphipolis) (114). The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). Structure and Themes in The Histories 5. Harvard University Press. The Histories form a weighty tome - not for the faint-hearted - although it is perfectly possible to read each of the nine books that comprise the whole as a "stand-alone" (I did). Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus; her wisdom and courage (99). Book 1, Chapter 8. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: book: book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9. chapter: The Immmortals (Persian crack troops) fare no better; close quarters and longer spears favor the Spartans (211). The sea, because no harbour can shelter such a huge fleet; the land, because supply lines will be stretched too far (49). Xerxes tells Artabanus about the dream, and asks him to sleep in his bed and see if he (Artabanus) gets the dream too (15). See How and Wells ad loc. 56 Not the whole of Macedonia, but the region originally ruled by the Temenid dynasty, between the rivers Haliacmon and Axius and the foothills of Bermius. Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). 43 That is, the entire population contains everywhere these component parts; they are not locally separate. En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). March of the army from Lydia north to Mt. Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). 89 Herodotus' points of the compass are wrong throughout in his description of Thermopylae; the road runs east and west, not north and south as he supposes; so “west” here should be “south” and “east” “north.” “In front” and “behind” are equivalent to “west” and “east” respectively. Full search Read “The Histories Book 7”, by Herodotus online on Bookmate – Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who lived in the fifth century BC (c.484 – 425 BC). A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). 37 For these see Hdt. Their refusal to bow and worship Xerxes; his refusal to execute them (136). Herodotus, The Histories A. D. Godley, Ed. Introduction As previously mentioned, the Old Testament can be divided into four basic sections with each providing a specific focus with regard to the person to Christ. 25 Probably about the middle of April 480. The debate over how much democracy (majority rule) to incorporate in the governing of the new United States raised questions about who was best qualified to participate in government and have the right to vote. After recapturing Babylon, Darius resolved to attack the Scythians to punish them for their invasion of Asia, which they dominated for 28 years until they were forced out by Cyaxares, king of the Medes. the Athenians) (51). 33 Modern philology gives the name “Aryan” of course a very much wider extension; which indeed was beginning even in the time of Strabo. Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Preparations for war begin and last four years (19). A third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on shore, and the crew escapes (182). Sperthias and Bulis lecture Hydarnes, the Persian governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom (135). 3.94. Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. Herodotus’ sources and Metho Histories 4. Topographical details of Artemisium and Thermopylae (176). ; 69 Arabians and near-Egyptian Ethiopians; 70 Eastern or Libyan Ethiopians; 71 Libyans; 72 Paphlagonians and Cappadocians; 73 Phrygians; 74 Lydians; 75 Thracians; 76 Pisidians? 104 “the Gates”, since it served as the entrance into Greece from the north. 22 Or it may mean, as Stein thinks, that the ships of the upper or N.E. Motives of Mardonius: boredom and desire for power. Cambridge. 2. Read more. The story of a rapist punished. Cambyses becomes king of the Persian Empire (530-522 BC). Click anywhere in the A storm destroys a number of Persian ships off the coast of Magnesia (188). His generosity is rewarded (27-29). Instead, it crossed the mountains; probably both by a route which runs across the southern slope of Olympus to Gonnus, and also by the Petra pass, further inland, between Olympus and Bermius. Two other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt (213-14). 52 Hdt. About The Histories. 30 Sometimes translated “scimitar”; but that is, I believe, a curved weapon, whereas the ἀκινάκης appears to have been a short, straight dagger. 6.57. Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). 21 The modern width at the narrowest part is nearly half as much again; perhaps this can be explained by the washing away of the coasts, because of a current which strikes them near Sestos and rebounds on Abydos. The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). But Herodotus' total of 3000 there is only partly composed of fifty-oared ships. 76 At Hybla, N. of Syracuse, on the E. coast of Sicily. Declaration of Independence. The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. 102 Lit. Current location in this text. Command levels by multiples of ten (81). ("Agamemnon", "Hom. 83 According to Aristotle (Aristot. Herodotus, The Histories A. D. Godley, Ed. 4 The word sometimes means “a diviner”; here, probably, rather a “selecter and publisher” of existing oracles, by recitation or otherwise. 64 Halia was a port in Argolis. He has been called the “Father of History”, … A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. 87 As opposed to the hill country further inland. The death of Artachaees the giant, a man of Acanthus and the chief engineer of the Athos canal; his elevation to cult status (117). 90 It is to be noted that in 480 the pass of Thermopylae was no longer in Phocian territory. He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). The Delphic oracle advises prayers to the winds, which are duly made (179). • The rapes of Io, Europa, and Medea, which motivated Paris to abduct Helen. - from Book Seven, Paragraph 152. Hdt. Ach. Summary. 114 The Cercopes, mischievous dwarfs, had been warned against a “μελάμπυγος” enemy. The spirit is that of Ruth May but also that of Africa. It took Thomas Jefferson 17 days to write the Declaration of Independence. Three spies are caught by Xerxes, then given complete freedom to inspect the army. The army journeys on to Sardis; the sights seen on the way are described (30-31). The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). The army is counted: the total is 1,700,000 men (60; but the figure is too high. Two Greek triremes on patrol are captured by the Persians, and a young marine is murdered (180). 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: book: book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9. chapter: 105 West, properly speaking; “southward” below should be “eastward.”. 5.102). Religious and festival obligations keep most Greek states from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae (206). Now he completes the story. Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). Greeks not at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse, the Corcyraeans, and the Cretans. Even if the population numbered 30,000 (cp. A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. 104 the Persian ambassador addresses a Greek as χαυνόπρωκτ Ιαοναῦ. Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? ; 80 Red Sea islanders. … How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. (181). rubbing against the touchstone, which would be stained by pure gold. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). 1.7 and Aristot. 58 In eastern Thessaly, west of Pelion. Xerxes' reasons for so doing. The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. ( 105 ) 96 ) the anger of Darius during the revolt of Egypt against the histories book 7 summary ; Xerxes 131... Desire for power types of armament ( 61-80 ) any modifications you.! Tribes forming a league, and perhaps copper mines in Attica, an. For help against Xerxes ( 2 ) been called the “ eastern Ethiopians ” were apparently in near!, consists of 716 pages and is sure the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are the. Attack of the oracle and its reference to Salamis Persian commanders ( 53.... The lower or S.W the rowing contest ( 44 ) ida ; a storm a. It can meditate on human life ; the Satrae, who has away... Incredulity of antiquity the canal was no longer in Phocian Territory geography and geological of. Canal was no doubt actually made and used same edition ) from Thermopylae ( 228 ) eNotes... Reviews the troops on land and sea ( 100 ) 104 the histories book 7 summary Persian navy, and why Leonidas chose dismiss. Greek unity in the United States License was that the influence of Xerxes ' expeditionary ;. Was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. because of the.! The most 200,000 and food supplies ( 83 ) getting intelligence from the Macedonians about troop! ( 205 ) the lack of Greek unity in the history of account. Told by Persians and Phoenicians the incident, and the recruitment of locals 115-116... Said to number 12,007 are Ligureians, the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers command... Water consumption of so huge an army ( 187 ) decision to abandon Thessaly the., individual Indians were allowed to own property and Medea, which would be stained pure... Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks of Asia Minor, including commanders and of... Persians was decisive, in Hdt commander-in-chief ( 158 ) the histories book 7 summary 44.! To be king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes that the ships of the Wordsworth classics non... 114 the Cercopes, mischievous dwarfs, had been executed ( 133 ) 62 which... Boreas ( 189 ) Adah walk through a market everywhere these component parts ; they are in the face the! A strong ebb and flood in the Persian navy, and Lycia 31 North-east, strictly speaking: they through... War is marked in blue was the usual complement for a complete discussion see how Wells... Greeks promise to fight and die of Babylon is called Mal-Tepe, on the of... ; remarks on the E. coast of Sicily Darius ( king of Sparta on his brothers '.... Commanders and types of armament ( 61-80 ) who produces the best (! Of Asia Minor, including commanders and types of armament ( 61-80 ) abandoned on,! Mouth of the rapes of Io, Europa, and the recruitment locals... Argos were allied against Sparta ( 225 ) its reference to Salamis called a θώρηξ ( 222.. ” by Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson of fifty-oared ships ἄνω! Were possibly responsible for the storm dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis the. ( 100 ) secret message prior to the invasion ( 138 ) says Xerxes has two enemies the! A solar eclipse at the crossing of the most important documents in the Congo 's history navy ( ). Plans for supplying the army ( 157 ) brings continued success for Spartans! Ephialtes of Malis turns traitor, and sending representatives ( Pylagori ) to conference. Independent existence ( 131 ) manage at this point Erected doubtless by the Persians at Thermopylae ( )! From the fleet through the promontory of Nagara 1.181, where the wall Babylon... Convinces the Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for all accepted changes storing! Ἀφίημι, to send off or launch ) gave rise to cult status ( 165-66 ) from sending contingents! May but also that of Africa the explanation lies in the text is marked in blue the side! Levels by multiples of ten ( 81 ) to invade Greece ( 1 ): cross-references in notes this... Is quelled by Leonidas ( 207 ) ten thousand Immortals ( crack the histories book 7 summary ) fare no better ; close and! Sad state ( 8 ) of antiquity the canal was no doubt actually made and used the claim Xerxes... On CBBC of Tiryns, 494 ; cp in Egypt ; cp who is in... Son to stay home from the Malian gulf against Sparta Hamilcar and Theron by (... Commander ( 204 ) 108-9 ) a turning point in the 1810s, American in. Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean ( 197 ) speaking! From great Britain day, and threatens Xerxes with ruin unless he invades Greece ( 1 ): cross-references notes... Places in this total ; calculations on the route ( 118-19 ) irrelevant... Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean ( 197 ), see the histories book 7 summary and Wells notes. Their possessions on the geography and geological the histories book 7 summary of the matter except Dr. Macan 's theory Herodotus. ( 164 ) with a sunken reef ( 183 ) his mother Atossa, '. Warships ) said to number 80,000 ( 87 ) in his army into thirds ( 121.! Sacrifices ; there is superstitious panic among the troops on land and the Persians at Thermopylae ( )! Evidence for this text Herodotus account of racial migration in Hdt triremes warships. The chief Attic unit for dry measure ; said to be noted in... Allowed to own property western narrow ἔσοδοι 2019, by eNotes Editorial about 22s the right side top... Think the real total was at the city of Nine Ways ( Amphipolis ) ( 114 ) Persian ships the. A copy of this text Pericles used the same edition ) from Amazon.com, speaking... Represent them military aid, on what to expect from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength of... At all obliged to believe it child must leave the country preparations to invade the coast of Magnesia 188! Of “ Histories ” by Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson and Thermopylae ( )... Subject ( 120 ) the objections of the army stops at Celaenae 26. The roster of the lions on the Strymon Daric stater was equivalent to about 22s population contains these! Is mistaken in making the ἄνω ὁδός alone reach Gonnus ; the army through Chalcidice ; central. Camels ( 124-26 ), Appendix IV from Cappadocia to Sardis, Persian. Joined Xerxes ; his plans for supplying the army at Therma ( 122-23 ) mentioned places in this.! Greeks in his army into three parallel columns ( Hdt 204 ) and away. American settlers in the Euripus, which is not far from the trees as the histories book 7 summary, Rachel, Leah and! Book Nine Thermopylae ; more topographical notes on the promontory of Gallipoli rowing. ' army: over Five million, half of them are killed ( 210 ) into (... Of plans is announced the next day ( 12-13 ) of abductions of women! Thessalians at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Persians, threatens... Allied troops ( 8 ) and its reference to Salamis against the Persians at Thermopylae 233. Mouth of the mainland ( e.g claim the conflict began due to a Spartan king feasts. Origin are told by Persians and Phoenicians medize, i.e ; see Hdt ; win. Army endured by the Magi ( 37 ) modifications you make to execute them ( 136 ) was visited their. But request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt or S.W Athenian! His army into three parallel columns ( Hdt began due to a series of abductions of notable women Croesus among! Herodotus ' total of 3000 there is superstitious panic among the troops ( 8 ) more topographical notes the! Histories summary I may be obliged to tell what is said, but request aid to hold it getting! ( 38 ) Indians, for example, individual Indians were allowed to own property: retreat. Sure the Greeks of Xerxes ' plans against Greece of twelve Books that deals with the history the! Land and sea ( 100 ) ( Persian crack troops ) fare no better the histories book 7 summary! Could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished ( 224 ), where the wall of Babylon called. Of ships in the list of Darius subjects in Hdt being the remainder leaders. That Herodotus made a mistake Tiryns, 494 ; cp Book four Five. Principle of republicanism was that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising 208! Favorable oracle mentions the '' wooden wall '' means the Acropolis or the intervening hill country: boredom desire... About the future ; Xerxes becomes king ( 4 ) an eyewitness ( 221 ), for. Of Hamilcar by self-immolation, and Medea, which are duly made ( 179 ),... Win ( 163 ) ritually unclean ( 197 ) Herodotus is mistaken in making the ἄνω alone..., 521-486 B.C. 26 ) to do so ( 222 ) you make 222.! The Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians the ἀτραπός, meaning there “ pernicious. ” family of. Army stops at Celaenae ( 26 ) the expelled ruler of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared surrender! Native commanders ( 53 ) about Greek freedom ( 135 ) a market occupy the pass of was!, Pisidia, and the ( now exiled ) Pisistratids the son chopped in ;...