Uncooked amaranth is particularly rich in manganese (159% DV), phosphorus (80% DV), magnesium (70% DV), iron (59% DV), and selenium (34% DV). De Macvean & Pöll (1997). Althoug h the botanists were highly skilled. [Assad, R., Reshi, Z. In East Africa, amaranth leaf is known in chewa as bonongwe, and in Swahili as mchicha, as terere in Kikuyu, Meru and Embu; and as telele … [13] Although this classification was widely accepted, further infrageneric classification was (and still is) needed to differentiate this widely diverse group. 1medium onion, grated or chopped finely 2 tomatoes, finely chopped {with or without skin, optional} 1 tablespoon capsicum, finely chopped chilli powder to taste 1/2 garlic pas… In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India, it is called chaulai and is a popular red leafy vegetable (referred to in the class of vegetable preparations called laal saag). It is called Amaranthus cruentus in scientific name, Amaranth in common name, and efo fotètè in Yoruba. With the endorsement of the African Union, the African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) has the greater integration of orphan crops into African food systems at its heart. Adapted from Time/Life Foods of the World. [10] Fruits are in the form of capsules referred to as a unilocular pixdio that opens at maturity. Wetzel et al. Serves: 4-6. Four species of Amaranthus are documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.[42]. Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus) to … Amaranth and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking.The spread of Amaranthus is of a joint effort of human expansion, adaptation, and fertilization strategies. Sandalwood, whose scientific name is Osyris lanceolata, can be propagated by cuttings, seeds, and layering. Recipe Yields are high compared to the seeding rate: 1000 kg or more per hectare. Mufindi Highlands original vegetation was most likely grassland and miombo forests. assigning the scientific names. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. … Scientific name of Indian … In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." You can also cook it in the oven, if you want. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius (1814) without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid (McNeill et al., 2012). It is easy to cook. How unique is the name Minicha? Page created - October 29, 2016. on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Weed Science 47: 518-523. 8.90 0.261 3.23 [14] The support for the addition of the subdivision Albersia because of its circumcise, indehiscent fruits coupled with three elliptic to linear tepals to be exclusive characters to members of this subgenus. The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382-436. Mchicha ( Amaranthus spp.) Ingredients: 1 big bunch of spinach ---> please note: it shrinks during cooking{If you want more, please double the recipe}. [11] In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. [10] Species in this genus are either monecious (i.e. For a woman who regularly miscarries, she does the enema (crush and purge) with this plant until she has a pregnancy and continues the enema until the first trimester of pregnancy. DIRECTIONS. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Seeds and layering are the most preferred for large scale production. [47], The flowers of the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth were used by the Hopi (a tribe in the western United States) as the source of a deep red dye. Amarant is an archaic variant. It is called keerai masial. In Vietnam, it is called rau dền and is used to make soup. 37.05 0.433 3.29 Mnavu Mnavu African Nightshade Solanum spp. [23] Cooked amaranth leaves are a rich source of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and manganese, with moderate levels of folate, iron, magnesium, and potassium. But that has all changed. The first name of the scientific name must always be the Genus. Amaranth is a Greek word derived from the word Amereino, meaning immortal, or not withering. 37.05 0.433 3.29 Mnavu Mnavu African Nightshade Solanum spp. pronouncekiwi. E123, formerly certifiable as FD&C red No. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Chicha was not present. A., Jan, S., & Rashid, I. It is easily harvested and easily processed, post harvest, as there are no hulls to remove. It is a cool season crop of early spring or late fall. Amaranth is an herbaceous annual belonging to the family Amaranthaceae with green or red leaves and branched flower stalks (heads) bearing small seeds, variable in colour from cream to gold and pink to shiny black. In Kerala, it is called cheera and is consumed by stir-frying the leaves with spices and red chili peppers to make a dish called cheera thoran. While all species are believed to be native to the New World, several have been cultivated and introduced to warm regions worldwide. It was recovered in Mexico from wild varieties[citation needed] and is now commercially cultivated. Amaranthus viridis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: AMARANTHACEAE: English name: Chinese spinach, Green amaranth , Pigweed: Local name: Koora thampala (කූර තම්පලා) @ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: LC (NCS)-2012: Description: Annual herb, 10-75 (100) cm tall; stems rather slender, glabrous. They are widely used and are updated now and then by the consensus. (2006). The name was first applied to the related Celosia (Amaranthus and Celosia share long-lasting dried flowers), as Amaranthus plants were not yet known in Europe. [12] This complicates taxonomy and Amaranthus has generally been considered among systematists as a "difficult" genus and hybridize often. are clickable links to medically peer-reviewed studies. It is called chua in Kumaun area of Uttarakhand, where it is a popular red-green vegetable. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Chicha surname lived. An evolutionary lineage of around 90 species within the genus has acquired the C4 carbon fixation pathway, which increases their photosynthetic efficiency. A seeds source should have at least 20 trees. [4] Although the family (Amaranthaceae) is distinctive, the genus has few distinguishing characters among the 75 species present across six continents. Pack Size - 50 grams . Amaranth Tikkis Recipe. ], Culpepper et al. Great new twist on cooking spinach for us Americans! This was one of the more important Aztec festivals, and the people prepared for the whole month. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. In the Luhya community 25% of the respondents listed four lost or rare African Leafy Vegetables as 'indelema' ( Basella alba ), ' linyolonyolo' ( Commelina africana ), 'Esirietso' ( Erythrococa atroviriens ) and ' Esitipa' ( Asytasia mysorensis ). Have a fact about Mchicha ? It is used to prepare curries such as hulee, palya, majjigay-hulee, and so on. Updated May 3, 2016 . 16185, EEC No. The scientific names of plants and animals are based on scientific nomenclature. With the endorsement of the African Union, the African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) has the greater integration of orphan crops into African food systems at its heart. [3] Amaranth varies in flower, leaf, and stem color with a range of striking pigments from the spectrum of maroon to crimson and can grow longitudinally from 1 to 2.5 metres (3 to 8 feet) tall with a cylindrical, succulent, fibrous stem that is hollow with grooves and bracteoles when mature. Also, it examines potential health risks from consumption of the vegetables. [13] A modified infrageneric classification of Amaranthus includes three subgenera: Acnida, Amaranthus, and Albersia, with the taxonomy further differentiated by sections within each of the subgenera. [4] Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. In Botswana, it is referred to as morug and cooked as a staple green vegetable. In most cases, the language is mentioned first (in italics) and then the common name. Local Business . The leaves of some species are also eaten. [24] Amaranth does not contain gluten. Cover tightly and cook over medium heat until spinach is tender, about 10 minutes. SERVES: 4-6. Common name: American black nightshade Hierba Mora Oupoo bittersweet deadly nettle doehoet ratti mchicha poisonous nettle tuskombuk Taxonomy: Plantae Dicotyledonae Solanales Solanaceae Published Name: Solanum americanum Mill. Here is the Swahili recipe for mango fish. Also a synthetic dye was named "amaranth" for its similarity in color to the natural amaranth pigments known as betalains. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective … The medicinal plants are categorized into groups for treating … The list is not meant to be exhaustive. 1. It is the vegetable greens cultivated for both salad and cooking purposes. Biology of amaranths. The determinate plants grow to a bush with a height in the region of 100 cm. New York had the highest population of Chicha families in 1920. Mchicha (Swahili), Terere (Kikuyu), Lidodo (Luhya), Ododo (Luo), Kelichot (Kipsigis), W'oa (Kamba), Emboga (Kisii), Kichanya (Taita), Doodo (Luganda) Common names: Pig weed Swahili "Lakini ole wenu Mafarisayo, kwa sababu mnatoza watu zaka hata juu ya majani ya kukolezea chakula, mchicha na majani mengine, na huku hamjali juu ya haki na upendo kwa Mungu. It has a tuberous root and grows in various habitats, from rocky areas to the open bush, grasslands and thickets. [10] Archeological evidence of seeds from A. hypochondriacus and A. crutenus found in a cave in Tehuacán, Mexico, suggests amaranth was part of Aztec civilization in the 1400s. In Karnataka in India, it is called harive soppu (ಹರಿವೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು) . [11], Amaranthus shows a wide variety of morphological diversity among and even within certain species. In East Africa, amaranth leaf is known in chewa as bonongwe, and in Swahili as mchicha, as terere in Kikuyu, Meru and Embu; and as telele … People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices were held. It grows fast and, in three cultivated species, the large seedheads can weigh up to 1 kg and contain a half-million small seeds. [41], Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. Boil in water with twice the amount of water as grain by volume (or 2.4 times as much water by weight). [5] Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. [10] Seeds are circular form from 1 to 1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. Previous article न्‍यूटन के गति के नियम – Newtons Law of Motion. [30] Known to the Aztecs as huāuhtli,[31] amaranth is thought to have represented up to 80% of their energy consumption before the Spanish conquest. [13], In 1955, Sauer classified the genus into two subgenera, differentiating only between monoecious and dioecious species: Acnida (L.) Aellen ex K.R. The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382–436. Scientific Name: Amaranthus spp. Table 1: Levels and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soil, Water, and Vegetables of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania In Indonesia and Malaysia, leaf amaranth is called bayam. Amaranth can have an all-green leaf, or one that is lightly striped with red. Whilst writing the scientific name of any species, you need to keep a note of the fact that the first letter of the genus name is always written in its capital form, while the first letter of species name or species descriptor is never started with a capital letter―not even if it is derived from a proper noun. The genus is native to Mexico and Central America. … Two species are popular as edible vegetable in Vietnam: dền đỏ (Amaranthus tricolor) and dền cÆ¡m or dền trắng (Amaranthus viridis). It may also be known as Calaloo or Mchicha. When asked to name any African Leafy Vegetable that was consumed in the past but is no longer in use, no respondent enlisted such a vegetable in Kisii district. In Kenyan rural areas, amaranth is one of the best known traditional vegetable, which grows in open fields with almost every ethnic group having a name for it. And it belongs to Amaranthaceae family. The species is monoecious … Hutumika sana na watu wengi katika Afrika ya Mashariki. Next article प्रतियोगिता ज्ञान प्रश्नोत्तरी श्रृंखला 70 – … Mchicha (the Swahili word for Spinach) is the ultimate veggie dish to have in your fridge. The Kikuyu call it Terere, Waswahili Mchicha, Luhya Omboga, Luo Ododo, Pokot Sikukuuor There are about 60 species of Amaranthus, however, only a limited number are of the cultivated ty… [10] The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. Ingredients: 3 tablespoons vegetable oil 2 medium red onions, minced Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Reactions: Tansy and Rubawa. It is the vegetable greens cultivated for both salad and cooking purposes. Ukiachilia mbali faida hizo pia kilimo cha mchicha kina faida lukuki hasa pale mtu anapoamua kujiweza katika kilimo hiki. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is frost tender. 2);". Husaidia katika kuona. The scientific name of amaranth is Amaranthus. [53][54], Seabeach amaranth (A. pumilus), an amaranth on the Federal Threatened species List, Red-root amaranth (A. retroflexus)—from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Southern Kerala-style traditional Thoran made with Cheera (amaranth) leaves, "Amaranthus", "Amarantus", and "Doodo" redirect here. In the Philippines, the Ilocano word for the plant is kalunay; the Tagalog word for the plant is kilitis or kulitis. A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of uncooked amaranth grain provides 1,550 kilojoules (371 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, folate, and several dietary minerals (table). Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. This study assesses heavy metals’ levels in water, soil, and vegetables ( Ipomoea batatas (Matembele), Amaranthus hybridus (Mchicha), Abelmoschus esculentus (Bamia), and Solanum melongena (Bilinganya)) from the Chang’ombe police garden located in Temeke district, Tanzania. A. hybridus, L.) or dioecious (i.e. In cooked and edible forms, amaranth retains adequate content of several. Making up about 5% of the total fatty acids of amaranth, squalene[46] is extracted as a vegetable-based alternative to the more expensive shark oil for use in dietary supplements and cosmetics. Because of its importance as a symbol of indigenous culture, its palatability, ease of cooking, and a protein that is particularly well-suited to human nutritional needs, interest in amaranth seeds (especially A. cruentus and A. hypochondriacus) revived in the 1970s. [4], There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. Pack Size - 50 grams . UNITS: US. Tropical Tree Seed Manual, USDA Forest Service, edt. The major operator in the area is Sao Hill Industries Ltd a subsidiary of Green Resources AS a … [4] Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. A., Jan, S., & Rashid, I. [2] Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Ingredients for 2 people A 1.2 kg red or white snapper Salt and pepper qb Half a … Common name Local name Scientific name Potato leaves Matembele Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Amaranth can have an all-green leaf, or one that is lightly striped with red. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. Anura is the scientific name of the frog. [6], "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος[7] (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. Amaranth: Another Ancient Wonder Food, But Who Will Eat It? It is boiled, then served with olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes alongside fried fish. Assad, R., Reshi, Z. [12][18] There is evidence of phylogenetic and geographical support for clear groupings that indicate separate domestication events in South America and Central America. If you want to learn mchicha in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Swahili to English. Despite utilization studies showing that amaranth can be blended with other flours at levels above 50% without affecting functional properties or taste, most commercial products use amaranth only as a minor portion of their ingredients despite them being marketed as "amaranth" products. The first letter must begin with a capital letter; The second part of the name is specific to the species. You are a unique individual. Other … Twitter. It may also be known as Calaloo or Mchicha. It is a popular snack in Mexico, sometimes mixed with chocolate or puffed rice, and its use has spread to Europe and parts of North America. Pests & Diseases: Aphids, Bugs , Choanephora fruit rot, Cutworms, Damping-off diseases, Leafmining flies (leafminers), Spider mites, Weeds, Weevils. Amaranthus viridis. Robertson and Amaranthus. 978 people follow this. To this day, amaranth grains are toasted much like popcorn and mixed with honey, molasses, or chocolate to make a treat called alegría, meaning "joy" in Spanish. In some cases, only the country name is mentioned (in italics), not the specific language. J.A Vozzo. Mambo haya iliwapasa muwe mmeyazingatia bila kuyasahau yale mengine. Common names of traditional African vegetables: The following list gives the common names in various languages for some of the vegetables mentioned in the story. The protocol for naming species was invented in the 1700s by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. Recipe by Um Safia. Chinchilla Scientific and Life Sciences, Inc. is a global distributor of advanced scientific instrumentation for wet chemistry, environmental laboratories, and other scientific applications. Also, this plant can survive in tough conditions. 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By cuttings, seeds, and ornamental plants now commercially cultivated m tall the Christmas celebration begins! And salt in a heavy 4-5 quart casserole adaptable determinate salad tomato many plants providing evidence of Pre-Columbian contact!