Since the English language has become so widespread, it is no surprise that different varieties of English have arisen. LANGUAGE, DIALECT, AND VARIETIES. As with similar dialects spoken elsewhere, Ugandan English has developed a strong local flavor. The resident population … There are still many Aboriginal languages, though they each are spoken by small numbers and their continued existence is threatened. About three-quarters of its words come from Greek and Latin, but, as Ammon Shea points out in "Bad English: A History of Linguistic Aggravation," "it is certainly not a Romance language, it is a Germanic one. English is taught in schools as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Filipino (Tagalog). Australian English began to diverge from British English after the founding of the Colony of New South Wales in 1788 and was recognized as being different from British English by 1820. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In American English one says I’m Back-formations, blends, and other types of word-formation, Transition from Middle English to Early Modern English. Language Varieties Language variety refers to the various forms of language triggered by social factors. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. English language Nonstandard Standard British American Other national standards In order to have an official use of the english language, it has been standardized 9. Comparisons across the varieties provide a comprehensive guide to differences in phonetics, phonology, grammar and vocabulary, providing a useful resource for teachers of English as a foreign language and linguistics students English is clarified as a Germanic language, and it began in what is now the British-Isles. The outer circle is made up of post-colonial countries in which English, though not the mother tongue, has for a significant period of time played an important role in education, governance, and popular culture. Other Germanic languages include Dutch, German, Icelandic, Swedish, and more. The speech patterns of Ugandan languages strongly influence spoken English. Spanish 6. The fields of media, engineering, medicine, shipping, air travel, international business and commerce all rely on English as the common language which can facilitate communication between countries anywhere in the world. The term “Canadian English” is first attested in a speech by the Reverend A. Constable Geikie in an address to the Canadian Institute in 1857. Two words with initial v have found their way into RP: vat from fat and vixen from fixen (female fox). In several Northern accents, RP /a:/ (the first vowel sound in father) is still pronounced /æ/ (a sound like the a in fat) in words such as laugh, fast, and path; this pronunciation has been carried across the Atlantic into American English. In sociolinguistics, language variety—also called lect —is a general term for any distinctive form of a language or linguistic expression. Scots, or Lowland Scottish, was once a part of Northern English, but the two dialects began to diverge in the 14th century. This part of the subject content also requires students to study social attitudes to, and debates about, language diversity. In the words run, rung, and tongue, the RP pronunciation of the vowel is like the u in but; in some Northern accents it is pronounced like the oo in book. English is a West Germanic language that originated from the Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain by Germanic settlers from various parts of what is now northwest Germany and the northern Netherlands. These varieties have their own ways of pronouncing words, their own special vocabulary and even their own grammatical rules. Before the Declaration of Independence (1776), two-thirds of the immigrants had come from England, but after that date they arrived in large numbers from Ireland. Northern Ireland has dialects related in part to Scots and in part to the southern Irish dialect of English. Highland English Wales Welsh English Abercraf Anglesey Cardiff Gower Gwynedd Port Talbot Wrexham Isle of … The English language varies on individual, regional, national and global levels. Today, urbanization, quick transport, and television have tended to level out some dialectal differences in the United States. Remember, there is not just one English that we TEFL teachers teach – there are over 57 varieties! English Accents and Dialects is an essential guide to contemporary social and regional varieties of English spoken in the British Isles today. To some extent these regions preserve the traditional speech of southeastern and southern England, where most of the early colonists were born. Less than one-fourth of its people, living mostly in the province of Quebec, have French as their mother tongue. The main two are: English in England and American English. Standard varieties of English These are the varieties of English that have become standard or most recognized and used in the majority of the world. Some decades before English was officially introduced, if not arguably forced, to the Philippines, the archipelagic nation has been subject to Spanish rule and thus Spanish was the language of power and influence. English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and is the common language used by the federal government, considered the de facto language of the country because of its widespread use. Ugandan speakers will alter foreign words to make them sound more euphonic. Together with invaluable overviews of numerous regional accents and dialects, this fifth edition provides a detailed description of key features of Received Pronounciation (RP) as well as several major non-standard varieties of English. Commonwealth English is the most important language variety in Australia, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the Cook Islands, Dominica, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Guyana, Ireland, Jamaica, Isle of Man, Jersey, Malta, Montserrat, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, the Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint … It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. On the other hand, immigrant groups have introduced new varieties in which the influence of ethnic origins is evident, and some immigrant languages are widely spoken (notably Spanish, in the southeastern and southwestern states). In some Midland accents the diphthongs in throat and stone have been kept apart, whereas in RP they have fallen together. While the English language is uniform with major variations in spelling present between American English and British English, the dialect or accent is usually the factor that enables one to distinguish the various types of English out there. All varieties of English share the same basic tenets of the language, but certain words, phrases or linguistic constructs may differ. He supported the replacement of Persian by English as the official language, the use of English as the medium of instruction in all schools, and the training of English-speaking Indians as teachers. Learn These 18 Greek Romantic Words And Phrases That You Can Use! The concept of language variation is central in sociolinguistics. 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