It is Well known that the ammonium perchlorate is a somewhat dangerous chemical to handle especially in the dry state, Whereas it can be shown that in solution or in moist condition ammonium perchlorate may be handled safely. First off, you must understand that ammonium perchlorate (AP) is an important oxidizer used in solid rocket propellants. Longmans, Green and Co., New York. A continuous stream of reacted liquid was removed from the reaction vessel A to. ammonium perchlorate sodium perchlorate mixture ammonium Prior art date 1963-07-23 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. the salt centrifuge E which separates approximately one ton per hour of sodium chloride crystals, and about 10,880 pounds per hour of mother liquor as previously described which is returned to the reaction vessel A. How long does it need to run. This requires some practice to be precise. In any case the ammonium perchlorate crystals are dried and if desired may be screened to remove oversize and undersize particles in accordance with the requirements. of said'mother liquor with the contained reaction products from the reaction zone; cooling said stream and continuously removing water vapor and: crystals of ammoniumperchlorate from said stream of mother liquor; heating saidstream of mother liquor from which ammonium perchlorate crystals have beenremoved and continuously removing Water'vapor and crystals-of sodiumchloride from said stream; and. You could use other salts for the double decomposition step such as sulfate.However, you will end up with a different sodium salt in solution after that.For example, if you use ammonium sulfate, then the solution will contain sodium sulfate and thus won't be reusable (chloride is needed for electrolysis).If you don't care about reusing your electrolyte, you could try it but I've never done that, so I can't say if it will be successful. 1:608 1956]. There was also delivered to the reaction vessel A at the rate of 10,880 pounds per hour the mother liquor from the end of the process containing about 30 3 percent of ammonium perchlorate and 15 percent of sodium chloride, by weight. A product may be produced of the most desirable range of crystal sizes for storage, and for subsequent grinding to the desired sizes for use in rocket propellants. 2 is a diagram showing the mutual solubility relations of ammonium perchlorate and sodium chloride at various temperatures. 1. A still further object is to provide properly sized particles of ammonium perchlorate for subsequent use in propellants. As I told you earlier, ammonium perchlorate (AP) is not available in all countries. salt of the mineral acid and ammonium perchlorate in aqueous solution, said reaction being at temperatures .of about 90 C.; continuously removing a stream of said'mother liquor with the contained reaction products from said. Preparing the electrolyte for the process, How to make ammonium perchlorate : electrolysis, How to Make Zinc Sulfur Propellant or ZnS. Production. Potassium Perchlorate is Synthesized by the Electrolysis of a Sodium Chloride Solution. This comment has been removed by the author. Perchlorate salts are produced industrially by the oxidation of aqueous solutions of sodium chlorate by electrolysis. I think that your product is ammonium chlorate which is soluble in water, hence no precipitation.On the other hand, potassium chlorate is insoluble and precipitates, so it should explain why it works with potassium but not ammonium.I suggest that you let your electrolysis run longer to see if it works with ammonium chloride. On cooling the solution mixture, ammonium perchlorate precipitates out of the … you must 1st destroy any chlorate remaining b4 you can start making the (ammonium perchlorate) or you will end up with some (ammonium chlorate) that could set the hole thing off causing injury or death. Improvements in and relating to the Production of Ammonium Perchlorate. How much ammonium would need to be introduced per oz of sodium perchlorate solution. Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidizing agent and may cause rapid combustion or explosions if mixed with fuels. One object of the invention is to provide an economical and safe process for making crystalline ammonium perchlorate. The Lithium Carbonate so produced is insoluble and will precipitate leaving the Ammonium Perchlorate in solution. Hello,Actually, you don't have to do this because one of the useful characteristics it has, besides its powerful oxidizing power, is that it is insoluble in water.So when you add ammonium chloride to your sodium perchlorate solution, AP will precipitate out of solution.You just have to filter out the AP and you can also reuse the solution for another batch. Here are some ways to do it. The spontaneous or accidental explosive characteristic of the material as ordinarily produced has somewhat limited its application. Ammonium perchlorate and sodium perchlorate are examples of manufactured salts. 2: A continuous process -:for ;making uniformly sized ammonium perchlorate crystals comprising continuously reacting liquid ammonia, aqueous hydrochloric acid and aqueoussodiumperchlorate solution in a circulating reaction mass of mother liquor containing essentially sodium chloride, and ammonium perchlorate in aqueous solution, said-reaction-being at temperatures ofabout90 0; continuously removing a stream of said mother liquor withithe contained reaction products from said mass; cooling said removed stream-at a rate to produce ammonium perchlorate crystals of selected uniform size for: use. Solubilities of alkali metal perchlorates at 25 o C The ammonium perchlorate crystals which are delivered by centrifuge C may be further purified to remove'traces of sodium chloride by suitable washings with a pure solution of saturated ammonium perchlorate. per. B there was removed Water vaporv at therate of about 1880 pounds per hour, which reduces the temperature to about 35 C., and there was removed continuously from said crystallizer B a mixture of liquor and crystals of ammonium perchlorate in substantially the same quantity as received into said crystallizer less thewater vapor removed. A further object is to provide a process for making ammonium perchlorate which is free from contamination by materials deleteriously effecting its stability against explosion. 3. AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE is a strong oxidizing agent. These and other objects are attained by my invention which will be understood from the following description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings in which Fig. This method is used to prepare sodium perchlorate.The main application is for rocket fuel. thank you.I'm from Korea, Korean amature attempt KNSB or KNSU.I learn about it.I hope you to visit my blog.http://blog.naver.com/jetspaceship. Method of manufacturing ammonium perchlorates, Improved manufacture of ammonium perchlorate, Process and apparatus for the manufacture of titanium nitride, Preparation of soda ash including the leaching of trona with steam, Manufacture of chlorine dioxide, chlorine and anhydrous sodium sulphate, Method of treatment of dissociated zircon, Production of hydrogen fluoride and metal sulfates, Continuous process for the production of peroxycarboxylic acid compositions, Method of purifying borohydrides of the alkali metals, Gaseous generator system for preparing chlorine dioxide, Process for the production of highly pure concentrated solutions of potassium hypochlorite, Process for producing anhydrous sodium chloride and purified saturated brine, Treatment of phosphate rock to recover phosphorus and uranium values, Process for the preparation of nitrogen trifluoride by gas-solid reaction, Process for recovering manganese values from low grade oxidized manganese containing ores, Process for recovering hydrogen and elemental sulfur from hydrogen sulfide and/or mercaptans-containing gases, Process for extraction of phenol from aqueous mixtures, Recovery of lithium from silicate minerals, Process for the recovery of soda ash from wyoming trona. 1, suitable proportions of the ingredients liquified ammonia, aqueous hydrochloric acid and an aqueous solution of sodium perchlorate are introduced into the reaction vessel A, along with the mother liquor returned from the process as will be described. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. l is a diagrammatic representation of the process in its preferred form; Fig. In crystallizer. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Some mixture and products are very flammable, always wear protecting equipment when doing this kind of experiment. It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants such as black powder or zinc-sulfur, not only in chemical composition and overall performance, but also by the nature of how it is processed.APCP is cast into shape, as opposed to powder pressing as with black powder. Ammonium Perchlroate can also be make via Lithium Perchlorate and Ammonium Carbonate. What do you recommend? 1. continuously returning said mother liquor containing sodium chloride and ammonium perchlorate in aqueous. 1-hexyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium perchlorate. 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