Studying viruses and cancer is helping researchers develop vaccines and other ways to reduce cancer risk. The hepatic viral diseases cause inflammation of the liver, known as viral hepatitis. Some people may need intravenous (IV) fluids to maintain electrolyte balance. 2013;185(15):1317–1323. A yellow fever vaccine is currently available for people traveling to areas where yellow fever is common. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Respiratory viral diseases usually heal on their own. BVD is caused by the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), which is a member of the pestivirus genus. Human Diseases Caused by Viruses. Chikungunya virus is spread through a mosquito bite and cannot be transmitted from person to person. A pandemic is an epidemic that reaches worldwide. We’ll go over common symptoms of viral fevers and what causes them…. Dengue and Yellow Fever are transmitted by mosquitoes in the genus Aedes. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Avoid being bitten by insects, especially mosquitos and ticks, by wearing protective clothing or using insect repellent. Viruses are very small infectious agents. HPV can spread during vaginal or anal sex. He also has a Master of Arts in liberal studies from Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, N.Y. Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Influenza is an infectious disease commonly known as the flu which is caused by the influenza virus. Viruses are like hijackers. There’s no specific treatment for hemorrhagic viral diseases. This common illness, characterized by diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, is caused by many different viruses, but not the influenza virus.cause: According to a June 2012 "American Family Physician" article, viruses cause 75 to 90 percent of acute gastrointestinal disease in children 2. Viruses cause a wide array of skin infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. Last medically reviewed on August 21, 2018, Post-viral fatigue is a type of extreme tiredness that sometimes happens after a recent viral infection. Read on to learn more about some of the main types of viral diseases: Not all viral diseases are contagious. Many Other Diseases. Acute bronchitis. // Leaf Group Lifestyle, The Neurohospitalist: Emerging and Reemerging Neurologic Infections, American Family Physician: Gastroenteritis in Children, Part 1 -- Diagnosis, Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education: Common Skin Infections, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Norovirus Clinical Overview, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Genital HPV Infection -- Fact Sheet, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Zika Virus for Healthcare Providers, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease). Polio or severe cases of meningitis or encephalitis may require additional treatment, such as breathing assistance or IV fluids. 4. Rhinovirus, coronavirus and adenovirus are the leading causes of the common cold. The varicella virus causes chickenpox, an illness characterized by itchy fluid-filled bumps on the skin that eventually rupture and scab over. We’ll go over…, It’s not uncommon to have rashes with a virus. Bovine Viral Diarrhea -BVD is most common in young cattle between the ages of 6 and 24 months. Companion animals such as cats, dogs, and horses, if not vaccinated, are susceptible to serious viral infections. Shingles only occurs in people who’ve had chickenpox at some point. Viral infections. There’s also a vaccine that can help to reduce your risk of getting the seasonal flu. It’s usually a sign that your body is hard at work fighting off germs. Here’s what he had to say. Wash your hands often, cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and limit your interactions with people who show symptoms of a respiratory condition. Updated March 12, 2020. You can only develop hepatitis D if you already have the hepatitis B virus. You can reduce your risk of a chikungunya virus infection by protecting yourself from mosquito bites. California encephalitis. Nazario is a graduate of the University of Louisville School of Medicine, and is board-certified in pediatrics. Viruses cause a number of diseases in the organisms they infect. While many rash-causing viral infections are more common in toddlers and children, they can affect…, A viral fever is a high body temperature that accompanies many viral infections. Viral infections cause a host of different diseases, some mild and others potentially fatal. Gastrointestinal viral diseases affect your digestive tract. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The most common types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, and C. It is worth noting that diseases caused by other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus and the yellow fever virus, can also affect the liver. RSV prevention. 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